1st National Conference on Technology

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Analysis of Formwork in Multistory Building
Country :: India
Authors :: Wagh Hemant D || Tapkire Ganesh V || Naveed Akhtar
Page No. :: 01-03

One of the most important factors in determine the success of a construction project in terms of speed, quality cost and safety of work is the out of the total cost of project approximate 40% cost is spent on formwork when considering the importance of cost variation in contractor and client both try to finish the job early as possible and contractor wants to finish work as soon as possible because gain maximum profit due to this reason speedup the work in high-rise building construction by achieving very short floor cycle this cycle mainly depends on formwork types in this is main time factor of construction project and used of formwork is partly growth in 20 century increasing the use of concrete in construction so it is very important factor to focus on formwork in construction industry This Paper aim is to present existing formwork type and modern method affects the project duration and cost of project and quality of work for that a research has been carried out and result will present in this paper.

Keyword : Cost, Duration, Formwork, quality

[[1]. Hurd, M.K. 1989. Formwork for Concrete, 6th ed. American Concrete Institute, Detroit, MI.
[2]. Nolan, É. Innovation inconcrete frame construction 1995–2015. IHS BRE Press, Garston. BR 483. 44pp
[3]. KetanShah, " Modular formwork for faster, economical and quality construction", Indian Concrete Journal, July 2005, Volume79,Pg.6-23.

[4]. Moore, C.E. 1977. Concrete Form Construction. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.
[5]. Ratay, R.T. 1984. Handbook of Temporary Structures in Construction. McGraw-Hill, New York

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Experimental Study on Thermal Insulation Lightweight Block by using Waste Polyurethane Foam
Country :: India
Authors :: Momin Faizurrehman || Sayyed Tausee || Faisal Husain || Zubair Khan || Uzma Naaz || Prof. Yakub Ansari
Page No. ::


This paper represents review on the use of waste polyurethane foam as an aggregate for thermal insulating block for partition wall. The structural, physical and mechanical property of polyurethane is described by different researchers is represented here. Polyurethane (PUR) is one of the larger polymer product groups within the plastics family and it possesses high thermal insulation property.

Keywords: Disposal of waste Polyurethane, Lightweight concrete and block, Mechanical properties, Physical properties, Polyurethane foam, Reuse, Thermal properties.

[1]. Thanapol Tantisattayakul, Premrudee Kanchanapiya, Pawadee Methacanon, Comparative waste management options for rigid polyurethane foam waste in Thailand, Cleaner Production, June 2018, S0959-6526(18)31816-X.
[2]. Xavier Mathew and Binol Varghees, strength analysis - building frame with polyurethane cement composite (puc), International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), Apr 2018, Volume: 05 Issue: 04, 4567- 4572.
[3]. Mr. Abin Chandy and Mr. S.S. Janagan, study on foamed concrete with polyurethane as foaming agent, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), Jan 2018, Volume: 05 Issue: 01, 873-879.
[4]. R.B.N.Santhosh and K.Sasidhar, An Experimental Study on Polyurethanes for Eco-Friendly and Light Weight Constructions, IJESC, Volume 7 Issue No.3, 5767-5769.
[5]. Leon Agavriloaie, Stefan Oprea, Marinela Barbuta and Florentina Luca, Characterisation of polymer concrete with epoxy polyurethane acryl matrix, Construction and Building Materials (ELSEVIER), July 2012, 0950-0618, 190-196.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Rural Solid Waste Management
Country :: India
Authors :: Ansari Arbaz Ahmed || Abdul Haseeb || Shimaz Aamir || Ansari Usama || Ansari Osaid || Md. hassan
Page No. :: 08-11

Solid waste management is become increasing concern universally as the urbanization of rural areas continues to rise and simultaneously consumption pattern changes. Waste management is all the activities and actions required to manage waste from its origin to its final disposal. This includes other things like collection, transport, treatment and disposal of waste together with monitoring and regulation. It also encompasses the legal and regulatory frame work that relates to waste management encompassing guidance on recycling. The Rural development generally refers to the process of improving the quality of life and economic welfare of people living in relatively isolated and meagerly populated areas. They are often farming or agricultural areas.
This paper highlights the study of rural solid waste management. The qualities of solid wastes are increasing and if the wastes are disposed in an uncontrolled manner these may cause temperature, corrosion resistance...........

Keywords: Solid Waste Management, Recycling, Windrow composting, Vermicomposting

[1]. Vij, Dimpal. "Urbanization and solid waste management in India: present practices and future challenges." Procedia-Social and
Behavioral Sciences 37 (2012): 437-447.
[2]. Cecilia Helena Lalander , Allan John Komakech , Björn Vinnerås, Vermicomposting as manure management strategy for urban
small- holder instinctive farms – Kampala case study, Waste Management 39 (2015) 96–103
[3]. Fekadu Shemekite,, María Gómez-Brandón, Ingrid H. Franke-Whittle,Barbara Praehauser, HeribertInsam, Fassil Assefa, Coffee
husk composting: An exploration of the process using molecular and non-molecular tools,2013, Waste Management 34, 642–652.
[4]. Abduli, M. A., R. Samieifard, and M. Jalili Ghazi Zade. "Rural solid waste management." (2009).
[5]. Kaushal, Rajendra Kumar, George K. Varghese, and Mayuri Chabukdhara. "Municipal solid waste management in India-current
state and future challenges: a review." International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology 4.4 (2012): 1473-1489

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Review on Partial Replacement of Concrete in Tension Zone in RC Beam
Country :: India
Authors :: Asjad Khan || Ansari Md. Ozair || Sharique Anjum || Zahid Fazal || Yaseen Khan || Ansari Abu Usama
Page No. :: 12-16

This paper represents review on partial replacement of concrete in tension zone with different volume proportion and different percentage of replaced material (i.e. pieces of bricks, tera cota tile, PVC pipe, polythene balls). Concrete is weak in tension therefore steel reinforcement are provided in tension zone. The concrete in tension zone acts as a stress transfer medium between the both sides of neutral axis. In RC beam strength of concrete lays below the neutral axis is not fully utilized. This unutilized concrete is also called as sacrificial concrete. So this sacrificial concrete can be replaced by some lightweight materials

Keywords:Neutral Axis, RC Beam, Sacrificial Concrete, Tension Zone, Transfer Media

[1] Gaurav Misra, Effect of Nano-additives on Epoxy composites, Thesis National Institute of Technology Rourkela, 2014
[2] Cecilia Borgonovo, Aluminum Nano-composites for Elevated Temperature Applications, Thesis Worcester Polytechnic Institute,
June 2010
[3] Ru Min Wang, Shui Rong Zheng, Ya Ping Zheng, Polymer matrix composites and Technology, Wood Head publishing in
Materials, 1-27
[4] Qingshuai Zhu , et al., Influence of Subsurface Micro/Nano-Structural Evolution on Macroscopic Tribological Behavior of Ni3Al
Matrix Composites , Tribol Lett,7:21, 2015
[5] Shuo Yin, Zhao Zhang, Emmanuel J. Ekoi, Jing Jing Wang, Denis P. Dowling, Valeria Nicolosi, Rocco Lupoi, Novel cold spray
for fabricating graphene-reinforced metal matrix composites, Materials Letters, 2017

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: A Review On Development Of Flyash Based High Strength Geopolymer Concrete
Country :: India
Authors :: Md. Huzaifa || Niraj Wankhede || Durgesh Ahire || Hiray Hari || Shubham Shelar || Naveed Akhtar
Page No. :: 17-20
Geopolymer concrete is the latest development in the field of concrete technology and it is still developing. Geopolymers are inorganic, stable, hard and non-inflammable binder. The application of geopolymer binder are in fire resistance fiber composite, sealant industry, tooling aeronautics SPF aluminium, foundry equipment's, radioactive toxic waste, ceramic, bricks and other precast concrete. The current review is aims to put forward the development in geopolymer concrete for the production high strength geopolymer concrete having strength more than 90MPa. The development of high strength concrete is aimed to reduce structural member sizes and for economical construction in case of long span bridges and tall buildings. Also the use flyash in concrete to reduce green gas house emission into the atmosphere by reducing cement usage

Keywords:Geopolymer concrete, high strength

[1]. Davidovits, Joseph. "Properties of geopolymer cements." First international conference on alkaline cements and concretes. Vol. 1. Kiev State Technical University, Ukraine: Scientific Research Institute on Binders and Materials, 1994.
[2]. Collins, Frank, and J. G. Sanjayan. "Microcracking and strength development of alkali activated slag concrete." Cement and Concrete Composites 23.4-5 (2001): 345-352.
[3]. Hardjito, Djwantoro, et al. "On the development of fly ash-based geopolymer concrete." Materials Journal 101.6 (2004): 467-472.
[4]. Hardjito, Djwantoro, et al. "Factors influencing the compressive strength of fly ash-based geopolymer concrete." civil engineering dimension 6.2 (2004): 88-93.
[5]. Duxson, Peter, et al. "The role of inorganic polymer technology in the development of "green concrete‟." Cement and Concrete Research 37.12 (2007): 1590-1597.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Partial Replacement of E- Waste with Coarse Aggregate in Concrete: An Investigation
Country :: India
Authors :: Khalid Iqbal || Tauseef Ansari || Yakub Ansari || Abdullah Khan || Akram Mansoori
Page No. :: 29-33
Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) or E- waste is one of the fastest and important growing waste streams in the world. Population growth by leaps followed by industrialization and a dynamic change in amount of waste generated. These hazardous and nonwastes pose a great threat to the human health and environment. The problem and issue of proper management of wastes, is critical to the protection of livelihood, health and environment. These studies related to the use of recycled E-Waste & Plastics as coarse aggregate in concrete.

Keywords- E-waste, Replacement of Coarse Aggregate, Compressive Strength.

[1]. R. Lakshmi and S. Nagan, "Investigations on Durability Characteristics Of E-Plastic Waste Incorporated Concrete", ASIAN JOURNAL OF CIVIL ENGINEERING (BUILDING AND HOUSING) VOL. 12, NO. 6 (2011) PAGES 773-787.
[2]. Jirang Gui, Forssberg, Mechanical Recycling of Waste electric and electronic equipment, Journal of Hazardous Materials B99 (2003)243-63.
[3]. Izumi Ochiai. Environmental Protection in the electronic and electrical industries, Journal of Materials Processing Technology 59(1996) 233-8.
[4]. Hai-Yong Kang, Julie M. Schoenung. Electronic waste recycling; A review of U.S. infrastructure and technology options, Resources, Construction and Recycling 45(2005)368-400.
[5]. Bashar Taha, GhassanNounu. Utilizing waste recycled Glass as Sand/Cement replacement in concrete, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, ASCE, No. 12,December 21(2009) 709-21.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Utilization of Glass Powder as a Partial Replacement of Cement and Its Effect on Concrete Strength – A Review
Country :: India
Authors :: Ansari Ismail || Sheetal Sahare
Page No. :: 26-30
Abstract—Glass is an amorphous solid that has been found in various forms for thousands of years andhasbeenmanufacturedforhumanusesince12,000BC.Glassisone of theversatilesubstancesonEarth, usedinmanyapplicationsandinawidevarietyofforms,fromplainclearsglasstotemperedandtintedvarieties, and so forth. It is generally dumped in landfills after usage.As glass is non-biodegradable material, landfillsdonotprovideafriendlyenvironment.Manyattemptsweremadetousewasteglassinconcreteindustry asareplacementofcoarseaggregateandfineaggregatebuttheperformancewereunreliablebecauseofstrength regression. As glass powder with particle size less than 75mm possess pozzolanic properties, past investigation reveals that glass powder can be effectively use as a partial replacement of cement. Experimental Investigations showsapositiveresultbyenhancingthecompressiveandtensilestrengthofconcrete.Workabilitydecreaseswith incrementinglasspowdercontent.Areviewonutilizationofaglasspowderasapartialreplacementofconcrete and its effects on compressive and tensile strength of concrete is shown in thispaper.

Keywords: compressive strength,glass powder pozzolanic properties, tensile strength,workability

[1]. Khatib JM, Negim EM, Sohl HS, ChilesheN;Glass powder utilisation in concrete production. European Journal of Applied Sciences, 2012; 4 (4):173-176.
[2]. Khmiri A, Samet B, Chaabouni M; Assessment of the waste glass powder pozzolanic activity by different methods. IJRRAS, 2012; 10(2): 322-328.
[3]. NurhayatDegirmenci,Arin&Ozge, "Utilization of waste glass as sand replacement in cement mortar", indan journal of engineering & materials science vol.18,aug 2011.pp.303-308.
[4]. MEYER, C., Development of Glass Concrete Products, Final Report to Office of Recycling Market Development, New York State Department of Economic Development, Albany, NY, March 1998.
[5]. MEYER, C. and BAXTER, S., Use of Recycled Glass and Fly Ash for Precast Concrete, Final Report 98-18, New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, Albany, NY, October 1999.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Comparative Study of Phosphogypsum and Phosphogypsum plus Flyash Mix Concrete Material
Country :: India
Authors :: Naveed Akhtar || Saud Mahevi || Faizan Ahmed || Shaikh Altaf
Page No. :: 31-38
The growing use of phosphoric acid production by product phosphogypsum increased. Around 6 million tons of phosphogypsum are produced every year in India. Flyash is a byproduct from thermal power station around 165 million tons production in India. To avoid land pollution these byproducts are incorporated in to concrete. The current investigation is based on replacement of cement with phosphogypsum and phosphogypsum plus fly ash. Nine mixes were considered by replacing cement with 4,8,12 and 16% of phosphogypsum with cement and phosphogypsum plus fly ash for M25 grade of standard concrete. Nine cubes were casted to study 7, 28 and 56 days strength of concrete. By incorporating fly ash with phosphogypsum the results of workability and compressive strength were improved. Also the rate of strength gain is higher in phosphogypsum plus fly ash mix concrete.
[1]. Nigade, Mahesh Bagde, "An experimental investigation of partial replacement of cement by various percentage of Phosphogypsum in cement concrete with different binder ratio" International Journal of Engineering innovative science, engineering & technology (IJISET) ISSN (2015): 2348-7968.
[2]. Vishwanathan, Saritha S., Amit Garg, and Vineet Tiwari. "Coal transition in." (2018).
[3]. Rajesh B. Thakare, K. G hiraskar, o. p. bhatia. "Utilisation of phosphogypsum in cement mortar and concrete." 26th Conference on our world in concrete & structures. 2001
[4]. Reddy T. Siva Sankar, D. Rupesh Kumarb, and H. Sudarsana Raoc. "A study on strength characteristics of phosphogypsum concrete." Asian Journal of Civil Engineering (Building and Housing) 11.4 (2010): 411-420.
[5]. Prasad, T. Lakshmi, H. Sudarsana Rao, and Vaishali G. Ghorpade. "Flexural & Tensile Strength Properties of GGBS and Phosphogypsum Blended Geopolymer Concrete."

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Comparative Analysis and Design of ESR by Manual and Software
Country :: India
Authors :: Rashadus Sadain || Aakif Anjum || Tauseef Ahmed
Page No. :: 39-43
Most water supply systems in developing countries, such as India, where urbanizing is increasing day by day rely on overhead storage tanks and hence there is need to construct more number of water tanks. Earlier design of water tanks was being done using the working stress method given in IS: 3370 1965. This method leads to thicker and heavily reinforced sections. The use of limit state method of design has been adopted in the revised code IS 3370: 2009 and provision for checking the crack width is also included in this code. All tanks are designed as crack free structures to eliminate any leakage. STAAD Pro is also used to analyze and design the elevated water tank. This paper summarize the difference in results of manual and software calculations.

Keywords- Water Tank, Beam, RCC, STAAD Pro, Steel

[1]. Ajagbe, W.O., Adedokun, S.I and Oyesil W.B. (2012). "Comparative study on the design of the elevated rectangular & circular water tanks" International journal of engineering research & and development, volume 1, No.1 (2012) , PP . 22-30
[2]. Bhandari M, K.D. Singh (2014), "Comparative Study Of The Design Of The Water Tank With Reference To IS: 3370" International
[3]. Journal Of Emerging Technology And Advance Engineering, Volume 4, No.11, (2014).
[4]. IS:456-2000 , Plain & Reinforced Concrete – Code Of Practice
[5]. IS: 3370 (Part 1st) – 1965, Code Of Practice For Concrete Structures For The Storage Of The Liquids

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: "Evaluation of Suitability of Retaining Wall for Different Height's"
Country :: India
Authors :: Shejwal Neha || Danish Ali || Bhutekar S.B. || Domale A.P.
Page No. :: 44-47
Retaining structures hold back soil or other loose material where an abrupt change in ground elevation occurs. The retained material or backfill exerts a push on the structure and thus tends to overturn or slide it, or both. There are different types of retaining wall like Gravity, cantilever, counter fort, anchored retaining wall but cantilever is the most common type of retaining wall and is used for walls in the range of 6 to 7.5m in height. This study presents analyses and design of cantilever retaining wall for different height which is made from an internal stem of steel-reinforced, cast-in-place concrete (often in the shape of an inverted T with shear key). In this work a detailed analyses and design for this type of walls which include estimation of primary dimensions of the wall, then these dimensions were checked. The factor of safety against sliding, overturning and bearing were calculated..

Keywords:Retaining wall, Reinforcement, Overturning factor

[1]. Choudhary D, Chatterjee S (2006) Displace ment- based seismic active earth pressure ion rigid retaining walls. Electron. J GeotechEng, (ISSN:1089-3032).USA.Vol.11. Bundle C Paper No.0660
[2]. Ghosh S, Saran S (2007) Pseudo static analysis of rigid retaining wall for dynamic active earth pressure. Cenem B.E. College, Kolkata.
[3]. Richard R, Elms D (1979) Seismic behaviour of gravity retaining wall. J GeotechEngDiv ASCE 105 (GT4): 449-464
[4]. Tamadherabood, Haten E. YounisEldawi, Faeza R. ElnajiAbdulrahim, "Design of Cantilever retaining wall with 4m height ", Imternational journal of civil and structural engineering research, vol. 3, April 2015, pp 318-326
[5]. S. S.Patil and A. A. R. Babgan, "analysis and design of reinforced concrete stepped cantilever retaining wall", IJRET, vol. 04, Feb- 2015, page 46-67

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Partial Replacement of Cement with Textile Industry Wood Ash Wastee
Country :: India
Authors :: Faizan Ahmed || Mohammed Junaid || Naveed Akhtar || Saud Mahevi
Page No. :: 48-52
Due to increasing rate of industrialization, there are large amount of by products which are producing from various industries, disposal of these by products through safe way is a major concern nowadays. The wood ash is a waste produced after the incineration of wood in any industry. This may include wood chips, dust and bark etc. Utilization of such wood ash waste in making concrete will greatly help to prevent environment from the disposal problems and also it is cost effective. Numbers of cubes were casted and tested for various grades of concrete mix for the 5%, 10%, and 15% of cement by wood ash waste and parameters for the strength of the concrete are evaluated.

Keyword: Wood ash waste, partial replacement of cement, 5-15% replacement, strength parameters.

[1]. Campbell AG. Recycling and disposing of wood ash. Tappi J1990;73(9):141–3. [2]. Etiegni L, Campbell AG. Physical and chemical characteristics of wood ash. Bioresour Technol 1991;37(2):173–8. [3]. Duchsene J, Berubet MA. Effect of supplementary cementing material on the composition of cement hydration products. AdvCem Based Mater 1995;2:43–52. [4]. Cortes C, Vapnik V. Support vector networks. Mach Learn1995;20:273–97.
[5]. Lee IM, Lee JH. Prediction of pile bearing capacity using artificial neural network. Comput Geotechnics 1996;18(3):189–200.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Study on Foamed Concrete
Country :: India
Authors :: Aaquib Anwar || Saquib Israr || Faizan Ashraf || Maaz Arkam || Mohammed Junaid || Abu Usama
Page No. :: 53-55
Recently, foamed concrete widely used in civil construction and building, because of its high fluidity and settlement. Foamed concrete as a new type of lightweight according to its features and uses. It is similar to aerated concrete, lightweight concrete and porous concrete. The term foam concrete is containing no coarse aggregates only fine aggregate (sand), cement, water & stable foam to perform the concrete. This paper provides a review of foamed concrete constituents, fabrication techniques, and properties of foamed concrete, advantages, disadvantages and application. Conclusions: Use of the foaming agent in concrete mix that will reduce the self weight and generate growing density and absorption rate of concrete that is getting low.

Keywords: materials, manufacturing method, advantage, disadvantage and application

[1]. Y.H. Mugahed Amran , Nima Farzadnia, A.A. A bang Ali Review, Properties and applications of foamed, Construction and Building Materials Department of Civil Engineering, Housing Research Centre, Faculty of Engineering, University Putra Malaysia UPM, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia101 (2015) 990–1005
[2]. Erwin Rommel1 , Yunan Rusdianto1, Lukito Prasetyo1, Characteristics of Foam Concrete with usage of Foam Agent which Varies (Review on Density, Strength, and Water Absorption), International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 8, Issue 8, August-2017 519 ISSN 2229-5518
[3]. Sagar Bombatkar, Vishal Bajad, Vishal Murkut, Dhananjay Khedekar, Shweta Jadhao, review of foam concrete, International Journal of Research in Advent Technology (IJRAT) (E-ISSN: 2321-9637) Special Issue National Conference "CONVERGENCE 2017", 09th April 2017
[4]. B. L. Yen, "Study of Water Ingress into Foamed Concrete," Department of Civil Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, 2006.
[5]. R. Dhir, M. Jones, L. Nicol, Development of Structural Grade Foamed Concrete, vol. 39(3), Final Report, DETR Research Contract, 1999, p. 385. Thermal Engineering 2016..

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Analysis of earthquake resisting building with Shear wall using ETABS Software
Country :: India
Authors :: Saud Anjum Mahevi || Aadil S Ansari || Naveed Akhtar || Faizan Ahmed || Md. Nasiruddin
Page No. :: 56-63
After food and clothing, shelter is a basic human need. To meet the food and clothing requirements of vast population India became successful; however the problem of providing shelter of all is defying solutions. "A large gap still exists between the demand and supply of housing units, while there has been an impressive growth in the total housing stock from 65 million in 1947 to 187.05 million in 2001,. The Working Group on Housing for the 9th five-year plan estimated the housing shortage in 2001 at 19.4 million units- 12.76 million in rural area and 6.64 million in urban area. The shortage of housing is acutely felt in urban areas –more so in the 35 Indian cities, which according to the 2001 census have a population of more than a million". Shear walls constructions are of high in strength, which resist the seismic force, wind forces and even can be built on soils of weak bases by adopting various ground improvement techniques. Not only the construction process is fast but also the strength parameters and effectiveness to bare horizontal loads is very high. Shear walls generally used in high earth quake prone areas, as they are highly efficient in taking the loads. Wind load and the earthquake are quite high in some zones, it can be taken by these shear walls efficiently and effectively.

Keywords- CTOA, CTOD, J-Integer, KIC

[1]. S.K. Duggal in his "Earth quake resistant design of structures" Page no:301, 8.12 about Shear walls.R.E. Moore, Interval analysis (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1966).
[2]. S.K. Duggal in his " Earth quake resistant design of structures" 8.16 Design of Shear walls which is also given in Is code 13920:1993
[3]. U.H. Varyani in his second edition of (Structural Design of multi storey building)
[4]. IS 1893-2002 code
[5]. I.S 456:2000As per clause 32, design for wall describes, design of horizontal shear in clause 32.4 given details of how shear wall have to be constructed.