1st National Conference on Technology

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Experimental Study On Improvement Of Black Cotton Soil By Using Waste Materials
Country :: India
Authors :: Abdullah Khan || Ansari Tauseef || Ansari Yakub || Khalid Iqbal
Page No. :: 01-05
This paper is based on the experimental study on improvement of black cotton soil which has beenproven to be a vast and scope oriented research field. The basic objective of this study was taken into after due consideration of shortage of land due to rapid urbanization, unsuitable land mass for construction activities and severe need of suitable land for construction process etc.Developmentisbackboneto multidimensional growth ofaparticularregionbutprovidedthatexistingground condition is favorable for development activities. This study covers the major soil deposits of India having black cotton accumulations which is indeed unsuitable for any construction activity but only used for cultivation.We cannot replace the entire soil mass but we can modify them in economical way by technical approach andthisreportrepresentsthevarioustestsconductedonreinforcedsoilwithvarying.......

Keyword : Atter berg Limit, Sieve Analysis, SPT, UCS.

[1]. Sagar E-shinde, Aazim A-shaikh and Subhan D- Kulkarni; Effect on Properties of Soil Using
[2]. Waste Plastic Fiber, vol. 5 Issue No. 2, Feb.2017.ISSN 2348-7550 (IJATES).
[3]. Sharan Veer Singh, Mahabir Dixit; Stabilization of Soil by Using Waste Plastic Material, vol.
[4]. 6 Issue No. 2, Feb 2017.ISSN 2347-6710 (IJRSET).
[5]. DR. Babitrani.H, Ashwini D.G, Pavan Kumar; Soil Stabilization Using Plastic, vol. 4 Issue

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Study of Solar Pv (Photovoltaic) System
Country :: India
Authors :: Tauseef Ansari || Khalid.I || Yakub Ansari || M. Junaid || Shahid Ali
Page No. :: 06-12
The major purpose of this study to know a solar photovoltaic system. In this study we get aware with the Energy is a Global demand to use and the resources may be renewable or non-renewable. There is demand and requirement to use renewable resources as an energy source. New technologies are opening up new opportunities for utilization of renewable energy resources. Most abundant, inexhaustible and clean of all the renewable energy resources till date is the solar energy. There are some limitations that as in all renewable energy sources, solar energy has intermittency issues; not shining at night but also during daytime there may be cloudy or rainy weather and Solar energy panels require additional equipment (inverters) to convert direct electricity (DC) to alternating electricity (AC) in order to be used on the power network. In this paper we discussed on history of PV system, different components, advantages, disadvantages, and its application.

Keywords: PV, Electricity generation, Alternate current, Direct current

[1] Kato, Kazuhiko, Akinobu Murata, and Koichi Sakuta. "Energy pay‐back time and life‐cycle CO2 emission of residential PV power system with silicon PV module." Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications 6.2 (1998): 105-115
[2] Kato, K., Murata, A., & Sakuta, K. (1998). Energy pay‐back time and life‐cycle CO2 emission of residential PV power system with silicon PV module.Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, 6(2), 105-115.
[3] Kato, Kazuhiko, Akinobu Murata, and Koichi Sakuta. "Energy pay‐back time and life‐cycle CO2 emission of residential PV power system with silicon PV module." Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications 6, no. 2 (1998): 105-115.
[4] Kato, K., Murata, A. and Sakuta, K., 1998. Energy pay‐back time and life‐cycle CO2 emission of residential PV power system with silicon PV module.Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, 6(2), pp.105-115.
[5] Kato K, Murata A, Sakuta K. Energy pay‐back time and life‐cycle CO2 emission of residential PV power system with silicon PV module. Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications. 1998 Mar 1;6(2):105-15.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Experimental Study on Use of Waste Plastic Aggregate as Partial Replacement of Conventional Course Aggregate
Country :: India
Authors :: Ansari Abu Usama || Asadullah || Vajed Shaikh
Page No. :: 13-18
Plastic waste is silent threat to the environment and their disposal is a serious issue for waste management. Various attempts were made through experimentation to check the feasibility of plastic waste to be use partially in concrete. In this research test were conducted to find out the properties of plastic aggregate such as crushing value, impact value, flakiness and elongation index, specific gravity, bulk density and voids. These properties of plastic aggregate were compared with the properties of natural aggregate. The compressive strength test, split tensile strength test and flexural strength test were performed. Effect of replacement of natural coarse aggregate with various percentages (0% to 40%) of plastic aggregate was studied. Behavior of concrete of M20 grade was experimentally investigated and the optimum percentage replacement of natural coarse aggregate was found out. It is found that the use of plastic aggregate results in the formation of light weight concrete. The compressive, tensile and flexural strength of concrete reduces with the increase of percentage of replacement of plastic aggregate..

Keywords:Plastic Aggregate, concrete, strength
Tensile tests.

[1]. Ankit Mathur, Akhil Choudhari, Parnika Singh Yadav and Mr. Krishna Murari. 'Experimental Study of Concrete using Combination of E-waste and Plastic Waste as Coarse Aggregate', SSRG International Journal of Civil Engineering – Volume 4 Issue 5 – May 2017
[2]. Patil Hiteshkumar S, Baviskar Shrikant R, Dr Ahirrao Sarjerao P and Dr Amol B Saner. 'Polymer Concrete by Using Waste Plastic Granules', International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology Vol. 6, Issue 3, March 2017
[3]. Mr. Govind,V. Dhanani, Mr. Priyank and D. Bhimani. 'Effect of Use Plastic Aggregates as Partial Replacement of Natural Aggregates in Concrete with Plastic Fibers', International Journal of Recent Research Aspects Vol. 2, Issue 3 2013, pp. 25-89
[4]. Gaurav Verma1, Mohd. Afaque Khan and Mr Abhishek Kumar. 'Effect of Waste Plastic as Partial Replacement of Aggregate in Concrete Mixture', Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications Vol. 6, Issue 7, (Part - 1) 2016, pp.103-101
[5]. M Mahesh, B Venkat Narsimha Rao and CH. Satya Sri. 'Re-Use of Polyethylene Plastic Waste in Concrete', International Journal of Recent Research Aspects Vol. 5, Issue 3, 2016, pp. 24-28

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Use of Waste Tier in Construction of Bitumen Road- A Review
Country :: India
Authors :: Yakub Ansari || Ansari Tauseef || Khalid Iqbal || M. Junaid || Abdullaha Khan
Page No. :: 19-24
This paper is based on the review study on waste tier generation, Its environmental problem, and its use in construction of the bitumen road. The growth rate of population which depends upon on vehicles is the backbone of economic development of any country. India is the second fast growing automobile industry in the world. In today's era, solid waste management is the thrust area. On the other side, the traffic intensity is also increasing. As a result amount of waste tires is also increasing. The increasing in consumption of waste tire has created many problems such as increasing landfill space, environmental pollution and causing health hazards to living being. Parallel to this is tremendous increasing of roads construction as a result of heavy traffic on roads. This study reviews.......

Keywords:Crumb Rubber, Asphalt Concrete, Tire

[1]. Anonymous (1992) IS Indian standard paving bitumen – specification, 2nd Rev., New Delhi, India, Bureau of Indian Standards, 73, (1992).
[2]. R. A. Khan and A. Shalaby," Performance Of A Road Base Constructed With Shredde Rubber Tires", Annual Conference of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering, June 5-8, 2002.
[3]. Vasudevan R., Nigam S.K., Velkennedy R., Ramalinga Chandra Sekar A., Sundarakannan B. Utilization of Waste Polymers for Flexible Pavement and Easy Disposal of Waste Polymers, International Conference on Sustainable Solid Waste Management, 5 - 7, Chennai, India pp-105- 111, 2007.
[4]. S Shankar, Prasad C.S.R.K., Evaluation of Rutting Potential for Crumb Rubber Modified Bitumen in Asphaltic Mixes, Emirates Journal for Engineering Research, 14 (2), pp- 91- 95, 2009.
[5]. Anonymous (2013) Guidelines for the Use of Waste Plastic in Hot Bituminous Mixes (Dry Process) in Wearing Courses, (IRC:SP:98-2013), Indian Road Congress, New Delhi.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Experimental Investigation on Partial Replacement of Water with Spent Liquor
Country :: India
Authors :: Ahire Rituja Rupchand | Faizan Ahmed
Page No. :: 25-28
Pollution caused by sugar-distilleries has been a challenging problem for environmental engineers and scientists. Recent investigations on the management of wastewater spiked with organic matters have shown no us. In the present study, characterization of distillery-spent wash from sugar industry was done by standards methods. In this project the partially utilization of spent wash is done in cement brick manufacturing as admixtures. The results obtained were very interesting. We can use spent liquor, which has no use & causes water pollution, soil pollution, and land pollution in cement brick manufacturing. The utilization of spent wash is done as well as the strength of cement brick is increased. As the process is technically and economically feasible, it has wide scope for utilizing the effluents from other chemical industries thereby protecting the environment from tremendous pollution.
[1]. Miss. Shrutakirti A. Mahajan, Dr. M. Husain, Utilization of Waste Sludge in Brick Making. (Icgtetm-2016)
[2]. Samar A. El-Mekkawi, Ibrahim M. Ismail, Mohammed M. El-Attar, Alaa A. Fahmy, Samia S. Mohhammed, Utilization Of Black Liquor As Concrete Admixture And Set Retarder Aid. Journal of Advanced Research (2011).
[3]. Mohamad El-Sayed, Olfat Y Mansour, Ibrahim Z Selim, Mahs M Ibrahim, Identification And Utilization Of Banana Plant Juice And Its Pulping Liquor As Anti-Corrosive Materials. Journal of Science & Industrial Research Vol. 60. Sept 2001, Pp 738-747
[4]. Anuradha Devi, Anupam Singhal, Rajiv Gupta. A Review on Spent Picking Liquor. (International Journal Of Environmental Science, Vol. 4, No. 4, 2013)
[5]. Muhammed Shareef K, Navaneeth AP, Bhavia Kk, Harikrishna As, Maya P. Pulp Black Liquor- An Admixture in Concrete. (Ssrg International Journal Of Civil Engineering, March 2016)

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: An over view of Membrane Structures & Conceptual Analysis
Country :: India
Authors :: Adnan || Rashid Akhtar || Aamir sohail || Sharjeel || Asadullah
Page No. :: 29-33
Membrane structures are hugely popular in architectural design and are increasing in their abundance within buildings. There is an increasing trend concerning the use of membrane structures within architectural design. It is important to recognize the reasoning behind the growth in popularity: why are so many architects starting to use the design feature within their designs? The features of the membrane structure have been provided; an analysis of the strengths and weaknesses provides strength to the reasoning behind its use. This dissertation examines a variety of different factors concerning the membrane structures. It provides a detailed study of the use of membrane structures within building design; additionally, all of the different contributory factors have been referenced Membrane structures have been used in architecture for over 50 years; the dissertation follows a case study structure and uses some examples of membrane structures within architecture. Each case study provides..........

Keywords- concrete, membrane

[1] Haug, E. and Powel, Finite Element Analysis of Nonlinear Membrane Structures. IASS Pacific Symposium, Part II. On Tension Structures and Space Frames. 7, 93~ 102. OH. (1972).
[2] M Sofia Baker, N. and Steemer, Energy and the Environments in Architecture a Technical Design Guide. London: E. & F .N. Spon. Barge, B. (2001). Ecology of Building Materials. Oxford: Architectural Press. K. (2000).
[3] Brown, G.Z. and Dekay, Sun, Wind and Light: Architectural Design Strategies. 2nd (Ed.). New York: John Wiley. M. (2001).
[4] Clough, R. and Martyn, Environmental Impact of Building and Construction Materials: Plastics and Elastomers. London: Construction Industry Research and Information Association. R. (1995).
[5] Cousins, Polymers in Building and Construction. Shrewsbury: RAPRA Technology Ltd. K. (2002).

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: A Review on Utilization of Waste Plastic in Bituminous Roads
Country :: India
Authors :: Mohammed Junaid || Yakub Ansari || Tauseef Ansari || Shahid Ali || Mudassir Ansari || Amjad Khan
Page No. :: 34-39
Everywhere there is a bit of plastic , in our wallets, on our dining tables and kitchens, in our cars and buses and in our phones and offices. It is nearly impossible to imagine a world without plastics. From its beginning in 1950, global plastic production has increased dramatically from 2 million tons to 380 million tons in 2015. Its sheer convenience. lightweight and durable – has made this man-made material ubiquitous in every sphere of human existence. In the last 70 years, 8.3 billion. In plastic production much of the growth is driven by single use or disposable applications. Plastics used are single use products nearly 50 %, such as bottles, plastic bags, packaging, straws, stirrers, spoons and forks. We use up to 5 trillion disposable plastic bags every year. Bottle, containers and packing strips etc. is increasing day by day. As a result amount of waste plastic also increases. This leads to various environmental problems. So in each field it is necessary to utilize waste effectively with technical development. Many by-products are being produced using the plastic wastes. For road construction Plastic waste, consisting of carry bags, cups and other utilized plastic can be used as a coating over aggregate.........

Keywords: Plastic Waste, Bitumen, Aggregates, Plastic Roads

[1]. Prasad K. V. R et al. " Study on Utilization of Waste Plastic in Bituminous Mixes for Road Construction" (Proceeding of the International Conference on Futuristic Innovations & Development in Civil Engineering , International Conference on Futuristic Innovations & Development in Civil Engineering, Bangalore, Karnataka, India,18-20April.2013, pp.198-203 International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 05 Issue: 01 | Jan-2018 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395- 0072 © 2018, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 6.171 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 595
[2]. Soni Kapil & Punjabi K.K "Improving the Performance of Bituminous Concrete Mix by Waste Plastic" International Journal of Engineering Research and Application vol.3,pp.863-868
[3]. 3- Santosh Yadav et al. "Performance Evaluation of Waste Plastic and Bitumen Concrete mix in Flexible Pavements"International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 4, Issue 10, October2013, pp398-406
[4]. Kazami Sukaina & Govardhana Rao Dubasi " Utilization of Waste Plastic Material as Bitumen – Blends for Road Construction in Oman " Scholars Journal of Engineering and Technology, ( 2015: 3(1A):9-13,ISSN 2321 -435X , PP.9-13
[5]. Soyal Pradeep " Use of Waste Polythene in Bituminous Concrete Mixes "International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology ( vol.2 , PP.1114-1116 , 7 oct 2015)

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: A Review on Geopolymer Concrete Using Partial Replacement of Demolished Aggregate
Country :: India
Authors :: Raafey Merchant || Mohammed Hamza || Mohammad Adeel || Mohd. Wamique || Aatif Akhtar || Naveed Akhtar
Page No. :: 40-42
This paper reviews the literature related to geopolymer concrete. Concrete is widely used material for various construction activities due to its versatile character. But it causes environmental pollution due to production of Portland cement and quarrying of aggregate. Low calcium Fly ash and alkaline liquid as a binder is being used to replace the Portland cement to produce geo polymer concrete. In geopolymer concrete use of cement is completely evaded. This can be one of the methods to reduce the environmental pollution. The alkaline liquid has been used in geopolymerisation is the combination of sodium hydroxide and sodium silicate. The study revealed that there is possibility to replace natural coarse aggregate with demolished concrete in the geopolymer concrete. By the use of demolished aggregate in concrete, environmental pollution and reduction in valuable landfill will be evaded.
[1]. Davidovits, Joseph. "Properties of geopolymer cements." First international conference on alkaline cements and concretes. Vol. 1. Kiev State Technical University, Ukraine: Scientific Research Institute on Binders and Materials, 1994.
[3]. A.Subramani et al "Experimental Investigation On Geopolymer Concrete Using Concrete Demolition Waste" SSRG International Journal of Civil Engineering- (ICRTCETM-2017)
[4]. Vásquez, Alexander, Venus Cárdenas, Rafael A. Robayo, and Ruby Mejía de Gutiérrez. "Geopolymer based on concrete demolition waste." Advanced Powder Technology 27, no. 4 (2016): 1173-1179.
[5]. Anuar, K. A., A. R. M. Ridzuan, and S. Ismail. "Strength characteristics of geopolymer concrete containing recycled concrete aggregate." International Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering 11.1 (2011): 59-62

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Healing Of Asphaltic Road by Adding Conductive Material
Country :: India
Authors :: Abdurrahman || Mohammad Aaquib || Ziyad Anzar || Abu Sufiyan || Ammar Yasir || Yakub Ansari
Page No. :: 43-48
This paper represents review on Healing of asphaltic road by adding conductive material.Asphalt with steel fibre for crack repair and self-healing roads using induction heating deals with the experimental and implementation of newly developed method of crack repair using induction heating and conductive materials. Cracks or potholes may develop in the road due to heavy traffic load and environmental conditions. So the new method to selfheal this crack and to treat pothole is put forward. This study will assess the properties related with steel fibre induced asphalt. The main objective of these study is to give the appropriate method to treat potholes or cracks.

Keywords- Induction heating, self-healing asphalt, steel fibre, bitumen, pothole and crack repair.

[1]. Mohammad M. Karimi a, Masoud K. Darabia, H. Jahanbakhshb, Behnam Jahangiri c and John F. Rushingd Dept. of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA;
[2]. Haopeng Wang 1, Yue Zhang 2, Yi Zhang 3, Shuyin Feng 4 , Guoyang Lu 2 and Lintao Cao 5, 1 Section of Pavement Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology, Stevinweg 1, 2628 CN Delft, The Netherlands
[3]. Carlos J. Slebi-Acevedo, Pedro Lastra-González, Pablo Pascual-Muñoz, Daniel Castro-Fresno GITECO Research Group, Universidad de Cantabria, Avda. de Los Castros s/n., 39005 Santander, Spain
[4]. Jiusu Li , Jianfang Liu, Wenbo Zhang b, Guanlan Liu c, Lingchun Dai a School of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, Changsha University of Science & Technology, 410114 Changsha, PR China
[5]. Esther Lizasoain-Arteaga , Irune Indacoechea-Vega, Pablo Pascual-Munoz,, Daniel Castro-Fresno

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Experimental Study on Pervious Concrete
Country :: India
Authors :: Vajed Shaikh || Ansari Abu Usama || Asadullah Dr. Abdullah
Page No. :: 49-51
The pervious concrete is an environment friendly advanced pavement material as it is helpful for storm water management. Studies indicate that such concrete has lower compressive strength than conventional concrete and only allows light traffic loadings. This project conducted experimental studies on the compressive strength on pervious concrete on various water-cement ratio, aggregate-cement ratio, and aggregate size. Definitely Voids reduced the strength of concrete but the goal is to achieve a balance between water, aggregate, and cement in order to increase strength and permeability. This experimental study was conducted for five different combination of maximum size of aggregate and water cement ratio. The test results indicate that strength and permeability of pervious concrete mixture was increase by the decreasing of maximum size aggregate and water-cement ratio........

Keywords:Pervious Concrete

[1] Schuler, T. (1994). The Importance of Imperviousness, Watershed Protection Techniques, 1(3), pp. 100-111.
[2] Yang, J. and Jiang, G. (2003). Experimental study on properties of pervious concrete pavement materials, Cement and Concrete Research, 33(3), pp. 381-386.
[3] Wang, W. (1997). Study of pervious concrete strength, Sci Technol Build Mater China, 6(3), pp. 25-28.
[4] Specifier's Guide for Pervious Concrete Pavement Design, Version 1.2, Colorado Ready Mixed Concrete Association, http://www.crmca.org.
[5] Stormwater Management with Pervious Concrete Pavement, American Concrete Pavement Association, http://www.pavement.com.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Comparative study of Chronological Construction Sequence Analysis and Conventional analysis
Country :: India
Authors :: Mohammad Afifuddin || Arvind B Vawhale || N.S.Vaidkar
Page No. :: 52-58
While analyzing a Structural frame, conventionally all the probable loads are applied after modeling the entire building frame. In reality the dead load due to the each structural components and finishing items are imposed in separate stages as the structures are constructed story by story. Accordingly, the stability of structural frame differs at every stage of construction. Even during construction freshly constructed slab with material is supported by previously cast floor by its falsework. Thus, the loads assumed in conventional analysis will vary in different situation. Definately the results obtained by the conventional analysis will be unsuitable. Therefore, the frame should be analyzed at every stage of construction taking into account variation in loads. Thus the phenomenon known as Chronological construction sequence Analysis helps to rectify this problem. This paper analyzes several.........

Keyword: Chronological construction sequence Analysis, Conventional/ Conventional analysis, Construction loads, Sequential gravity loads

[1]. Chang-Koon Choi, Hye-Kyo Chung, Dong-Guen Lee, and E. L. Wilson, "Simplified Building Analysis With Sequential Dead Loads – CFM," Journal of Structural Engineering ASCE, 1992, v.118, pp. 944-954.
[2]. Yousuf Dinar, Munshi Md. Rasel, Muhammad Junaid Absar Chowdhury and Md. Abu Ashraf, "Chronological Construction Sequence Effects on Reinforced Concrete and Steel Buildings," The International Journal Of Engineering And Science, 2014, v.3, pp. 52–63..
[3]. Rosenboom O.A., Paret T.F.and Searer G.R.(2012), "Chronological Construction Sequence, Creep, Shrinkage and Pushover Analysis of an Iconic 1960s Reinforced Concrete Building", Proceedings 2012, 15th World Conference in Earthquake Engineering, Lisbon
[4]. Xila Liu, Wai-Fah Chen and Mark D. Bowman, "Construction Load Analysis for Concrete Structures," Journal of Structural Engineering ASCE, 1985, v.111, pp. 1019-1036
[5]. Xila Liu, Wai-Fah Chen and Mark D. Bowman, "Shore‐Slab Interaction in Concrete Buildings," Journal of Construction Engineering and Management ASCE, 1986, v.112, pp. 227-244.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Reclamation of Waste Water from Mosque
Country :: India
Authors :: Zaid Ansari || Hamza Ansari || Abdullah Ahmad || Zaki Anjum || Waseef Hamdani || Khalid Iqbal
Page No. :: 59-61
It is a treatment of water to provide adequate quantity with appropriate water quality for gardening and Irrigations from grey water of mosque. It reduce the manufacturing cost of using high quality reclaimed water. It also enhances the environmental protection by the recycle of the wastewater by using the Novel and Economic method for water reclamation. The greywater reuse practice is becoming increasingly common in many households around the country, but there are no in-depth studies that provide a clear understanding of how the greywater reuse impacts on soil, plant and human health in the long-term..

Keywords: Words-Grey water, ablution water, Irrigation water quality.

[1] Halwani, bouchra, et. Al. A review of the most popular systems for grey water treatment. No hal-0192716. 2018.
[2] Zaied, roubi a. "water use and time analysis in ablution from taps.‟ Applied water science 7.5 (2017): 2329-2336.
[3] Aguilar, Yolanda, Edwin Tadiosa, and Josephine Tondo. " A comparative study on wastewater Treatment Methods of selected Multinational and local Beverage Companies in the
[4] Rizvi, Hina, et al. "start-up of UASB reactors treating municipal wastewater
[5] Aguilar, Yolanda, Edwin Tadiosa, and Josephine Tondo. "A Comparative Study on Wastewater Treatment Method of Selected Multinational and Local Beverage Cmpanies in the Philippines and Their Effects on the Environment." International Journal of Environmental Science and Development 5.6 (2014): 570

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Effect of Use of Waste Water and Partial Replacement of Cement on Compressive Strength of Concrete: A Review Paper
Country :: India
Authors :: Md. Aakif Ansari || Kuldeep R. Dabhekar
Page No. :: 62-64
This paper reviews the literature related to the use of recycled water and partial replacement of cement by waste material for making concrete. From the literatures it has been noted that the partial replacement of cement by fly ash is favorable up to certain limit. After the optimum percentage of cement replacement by fly ash, an increase in fly ash percentage causes decrease in strength. In case of coconut shell, the compressive strength of the concrete reduces with increasing percentage of the coconut shell replacement. As 25% replacement of cement by Quarry dust shows strength gain, it can also be use as substitute of cement. Use of waste water for making concrete is also favorable for strength development at early stages but the long term strength has some reductions in strength gain. Some literature shows that the primary treated waste water gives effective results as compared to the secondary treated waste water.

Keywords- Coconut shell, compressive strength, fly ash,optimum percentage, recycled water

[1]. G.L. Low, K.Y. Ng, W.L. Ng, C.T. Tam, R.B.W. Heng, Use Of Recycled Cement-Based Slurry Water For Making Concrete,The Institution of Engineers, Vol. 68, No.4, December 2007, pp. 47-55.
[2]. Marcia Silva and Tarun R. Naik, Sustainable Use of Resources- Recycling of Sewage Treatment Plant Water in Concrete, Second International Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies, ISBN 978-1-4507-1490-7, June - 2010.
[3]. R. Nagalakshami, Experimental Study on Strength Characteristics on M25 Concrete with Partial Replacement of Cement with Fly ash and Coarse aggregate with Coconut shell, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, ISSN 2229-5518, Volume 4, Issue 1, January-2013.
[4]. R. T. Peche, Dr. S. S. Jamkar, Dr. P. S. Sadgir, Grey Water- A Potential Source of Water for Construction,IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE), e-ISSN: 2278-1684, p-ISSN: 2320-334X PP 12-17.
[5]. T. G. S Kiran, M. K. M. V Ratnam, Fly Ash as a Partial Replacement of Cement in Concrete and Durability Study of Fly Ash in Acidic (H2SO4) Environment, International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, e-ISSN: 2278-067X, Volume 10, Issue 12, December 2014, PP.01-13.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Review of Solar Water Heating System Using PCM
Country :: India
Authors :: Khan Athar || Ab Rahman Tabish || Ab Samad || Fayyaz ahmed || Shahid Ali
Page No. :: 65-69
Thermal energy storage has always been one of the most critical components in residential solar water heating applications. Solar radiation is a time-dependent energy source with an intermittent character. The heating demands of a residential house are also time dependent. However, the energy source and the demands of a house (or building), in general, do not match each other, especially in solar water heating applications. The peak solar radiation occurs near noon, but the peak heating demand is in the late evening or early morning when solar radiation is not available. Thermal energy storage provides a reservoir of energy to adjust this mismatch and to meet the energy needs at all times. It is used as a bridge to cross the gap between the energy source, the sun, the application and the building. So, thermal energy storage is essential in the solar heating system. Therefore, in this paper, an attempt has been taken to summarize the investigation of the solar water heating system incorporating with Phase Change Materials (PCMs).

Keywords- Phase Change Materials, Latent Heat, Thermal Energy Storage, Solar Water, Solar

[1]. MNRE Annual Report: 2006–2007. Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India, CGO Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi (2007).
[2]. A. Mani, S. Rangarajan, Solar Radiation over India (Allied Publishers Private Limited, New Delhi, 1982).
[3]. H. C. Hottl, B. B. Woertz, The performance of flat-plate solar heat collectors, Transactions of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers 64 (1942) 91–104.
[4]. S. A. Kalogirou, Environmental benefits of domestic solar energy systems, Energy Conversion and Management 45 (2004) 3075– 3092.
[5]. T. Noguchi, Overview on thermal application of solar energy in Japan, Solar & Wind Technology 2 (1985) 155–171.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Trolley Turning and Lifting Mechanism
Country :: India
Authors :: MudassirAnsari || Amjad Khan || Shahid Ali || Mohd.Junaid
Page No. :: 70-76
The material handling vehicles usually take more time to adjust its position, and unload at the exactlocation. This paper explain the design and fabricate a trolley turning and lifting arrangement for such vehicles. This mechanism is proposed to make the unloading easier in multi direction,only by turning the trolley rather than the vehicle in order to make the work more economic and efficient.Multidirectional rotating trolley (MDRT) is used for the movement and removing the material as our required size so we make our new concept multistage damping trolley within a facility or at a site. MDRT can be classified into the following five major categories: to keep uniformity in the final printed copies of the Journal. Please keep in mind that the manuscript importance Thepneumatic power is used to run the trolly,one for the trolley rotation and. Initially the pneumatic power is used to run first cylinder which is responsible for the trolley rotation. After rotating trolley to desire direction, the power supply is switched to direction.

Keywords- pneumatic cylinder, Trolley, gear mechanism

[1]. Michael G. Kay, Material Handling Equipment(McGraw-Hill, 2nd Edition, 2012).
[2]. Hemant A. Gaikwad, Nilesh P. Awate, Design of Multisided Tipper Tilting Mechanism, InternationalJournal for Scientific Research and Development,2(5),2011, 38 - 40.
[3]. P. Jey Praveen Raj, P. M. Mohamed Fuge, R. Paul Caleb, G. Natarajan, Design and Fabricationof Stair Climbing Trolley,International Journal for Scientific Research and Development,6(2), 2016, 50 - 53.
[4]. Abhimanyu D. Deshmukh, Vivek R. Patil, Vivek S. Chavan, Mahesh M. Kadam and Dipak M. Bhosale, 3-Way Hydraulic Unloading Trolley,International Journal for Scientific Research andDevelopment, 4(12), 2017, 27 - 31.
[5]. S. R. Kulkarni, T. S. Vandali, and S. A. Goudadi, Prototype of Collapsible Trolley, InternationalJournal for Scientific Research and Development, 4(5), 2016, 18 - 25..