Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Sustainability Analysis of Circular Building Over Rectangular Building
Country :: India
Authors :: Ankur Mishra
Page No. :: 01-06
Sustainable development is the practice of using guidelines for environmentally responsible and energy savings to create new world. Sustainable development of a smart city not only depends on planning of transportation system, water supply, waste water management energy efficient but also on better infrastructure. Normally around the world, we observe conventional rectangular shape of building is being followed, these buildings are well planned good in strength but comparatively circular buildings are more durable and better in strength against lateral loads, less embodied energy, energy efficient, better acoustics. The aim of this study is to analyze the benefits of circular shape buildings over rectangular buildings. The main parameters considered in this study to compare circular and rectangle building against lateral loads, energy efficiency and acoustic design.

Keyword : Circular building, Energy efficient, E-tabs, Lateral loads, Sustainable development.

[1]. BIS 456, "Reinforced Concrete Code of Practice," Bur. Indian Stand. New Delhi, no. July, 2000.
[3]. R. R. Bhandarkar, U. M. Ratanpara, and M. Qureshi, "Seismic Analysis & Design of Multistory Building Using Etabs," vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 78–90, 2017.
[4]. P. Rathod and R. Chandrashekar, "SEISMIC ANALYSIS OF MULTISTORIED BUILDING FOR DIFFERENT PLANS USING ETABS 2015," pp. 1101–1108, 2017.
[5]. Mayur R. Rethaliya1, Nirav S. Patel, Dr.R.P.Rethaliya, Seismic Analysis of Multistory Buildings Using ETABS-A Review, International Journal of Advance Engineering and Research Development,vol.2 no.12,2017,1167-1175

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: An Introduction to the Design of Foldable E-Bike for Clean & Safe Travelling in Smart-Cities
Country :: India
Authors :: Anop Mundel || Ashwani Gupta || Devansh Dixit || Ganesh Patel || Mayank Aggarwal || Ajay Kumar Dhanopia
Page No. :: 07-13

In the concept of smart cities, quickness is something which everyone craves for. People prefer the fastest means while travelling from one place to another. Generally, while maintaining a trade-off between speed, comfort and cost public transit comes out to be the best solution. But since these vehicles have specific routes and stations, people face difficulty in going to the station from source location and then from the other station to destination. Use of fuel powered vehicles is not recommended due to the depletion of fossil fuels, also these vehicles pose a major threat to the safety to the lives of many. Apart from the noise and air pollution, fuel powered vehicles are quite powerful and thus unsafe if don't used with care. A foldable electric bike may be possible solution to these problems..........

[1]. K. S. Yun, "FOLDABLE BICYCLE". Seoul Patent US 2011/0193313 A1, 11 Aug 2011.
[2]. L. Ford Global Technologies, "FOLDABLE ELECTRIC BICYCLE". MI/US Patent US 9,469,364, 18 Oct 2016.
[3]. Beijing Onemile Technology Co., " FOLDABLE CYCLE AND FOLDABLE FRAME". Beizing Patent US 2017/0158279 A1, 8 Jun 2017.
[4]. D. Chavan, "Research on bicycles," DJ Academy of Design, India.
[5]. "FILAMENT GUIDE NAVIGATION," Matter Hackers, [Online]. Available: [Accessed 15 08 2018].

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Capacity Based Design of Ten Storey Building Frame And Comparison With Conventional Design
Country :: India
Authors :: Apala Agrawal || Dr. A. K. Dwivedi
Page No. :: 14-25

Capacity Based Earthquake Resistant Design is based on the concept that spreading of inelastic deformation demand in a structure takes place in such a manner so that the plastic hinges formed at predefined positions and sequences. The main objective of this study is to determine the advantage of capacity based design as compare to conventional design. In this work the building of ten storey have been analyzed and designed by capacity based design method. Building have been analyzed in STAAD Pro. V8i software and design of column moments, beam shear, column shear has been done. The building is designed by capacity based design method for earthquake zone IV. It has been proved that the value of column moment, column shear, beam shear obtained from capacity based design method are more than the value obtained from conventional method.

Keywords: Capacity based design method, Strong column-weak beam, Plastic hinge, Moment magnification factor, Plastic hinge.


[1] B Hoffmeister, "Capacity Design Concept for Resistance to Exceptional Loads", Institute for Steel Structures, RWTH Aachen University of Technology, 2009.
[2] VK Victorsson, "The Reliability of Capacity-Designed Components in Seismic ResistantSystems", Stanford University, 2011
[3] Varghese and SS George, "General Concepts of Capacity Based Design", International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering, 2012, 1(2), 211-215.
[4] A. Mondal, S. Ghosh and G. R. Reddy, "Performance-based evaluation of the response reduction factor for ductile RC frames", Engineering Structures, Science Direct, pp. 1808- 1817, 2013.
[5] Some Concepts in Earthquake Behavior of Buildings – C.V. R. Murthy, Rupen Goswami, A.R. Vijayanarayanan, Vipul V. Mehta.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Performance Analysis and Life Cycle Cost Analysis of Activated Sludge Process (ASP): A Review
Country :: India
Authors :: Akshit Sharma || Ajay Gupta || Saurabh Singh
Page No. :: 26-30

Over a period of last few decades with the increase in technology the volume of waste water generated has also increased. Within this period the waste water ministerial regulation have led to a constant ascend in the purification performance of waste water treatment plants. The problem occurring these days is the less numbers of treatment plants and their improper functioning to treat the waste water. To overcome these problems a sagacious technological solutions have to be found. In this study, performance analysis (such as Bio-chemical oxygen demand (BOD), Chemical oxygen demand (COD) parameter etc.) of the activated sludge process of waste water treatment and life cycle cost of Activated Sludge Process (ASP) also analysis. In this review the information is provided in order to study the effectiveness of activated sludge process at laboratory scale basis and in terms of cost also.

Keywords: Activated Sludge Process (ASP), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Life Cycle Cost (LCC).

[1]. ANDERSON, G.K., (1973): "Aerobic Biological Water Treatment- Application Of Process Theory", Lecture Notes, Div. Of Public Health, Dept. Of Civil Engg. Univ. Of Newscatle Upon Tyne.
[2]. ANDREWS, J.F. and BUSBY, J.R., (1973): "Dynamic Modelling and Control Strategies for the Activated Sludge Process", Res. Rept., Dept. of Environment Systems Eng., Clemson S. Carolina.
[3]. Metcalf, and Eddy, "Wastewater Engineering. Treatment Disposal Reuse," G. Tchobanoglous and F.L. Burton (Eds.), 1820 pp. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1991.
[4]. Metcalf, and Eddy, "Water and wastewater treatment," Tata McGraw hill Publication New Delhi, 5th Edition, pp. 196-1202, 2004.
[5]. Mark Sustarsic, "Wastewater Treatment: Understanding the Activated Sludge Process,", Nov. 2009.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: A Comparative Study of Estimation of Breach Parameters for an Embankment Dam using Regression Equations
Country :: India
Authors :: Bhanu Sharma || N K Goel || Kalyan Kumar Bhar
Page No. :: 31-37

Dams are built to fulfil many objectives such as irrigation, flood moderation, hydropower, water supply, sedimentation control in rivers. The breaching of dam leads to water logging, loss of life, Financial Loss. The peak outflow discharge from a breached dam and flood inundation area is solely dependent on accurate prediction of breach parameters of a dam. The dam break phenomena can be understood by the prediction of breach parameters such as breach width, breach height, breach side slope and breach formation time. Accordingly, the main objective of this paper is to calculate various breach parameters for the existing dam in India, namely the Maithon Dam using various empirical equations.

Keywords: Breaching Parameters, Empirical Equation, Maithon Dam

[1]. Froehlich, David C., 1987 "Embankment-Dam Breach Parameters" Hydraulic Engineering, Proceedings of the 1987 National Conference, ASCE, Willsiams burg, VA, pages 570 - 575
[2]. Froehlich, David C. 1995 "Embankment Dam Breach Parameters Revisited" First International Conference, Water Resources Engineering, Environmental and Water Resources Institute (EWRI), 14 - 18 August 1995. ASCE, Water Resources Engineering Proceeding, pages 887 – 891.
[3]. Froehlich, David C., 1995. "Peak Outflow from Breached Embankment Dam". ASCE Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, Volume 121, Issue 1, January 1995, pages 90 - 97.
[4]. Froehlich, David C., 2008 "Embankment Dam Breach Parameters and Their Uncertainties" ASCE, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. 134, No. 12, December 2008, pages 1708-1721. ISSN 0733-9429.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Ambient Air Quality of Jaipur City: A Case Study
Country :: India
Authors :: D. K. Sharma || Deepak Mathur || Himanshu Sharma
Page No. :: 38-42

Air pollution is a serious problem which causes great loss to the health of human and other living beings. The major causes of air pollution are industrialization, urbanization and increased number of vehicles. In this study, three important parameters such as NO2, SO2 & PM10 of ambient air at five locations of Jaipur city were collected and analyzed. The monthly average of these pollutants were calculated and compared with the CPCB standards. The analysis of data shows that SO2 and NO2 are within the permissible limits while PM10 is found to be above the permissible limits at all the locations.

Keywords- Air pollution, Ambient Air Quality, NO2, SO2. PM10.

[1]. Ahmed AteequeandBanoNikhat (2015), "Ambient air quality status of Firozabad city-A spatio-temporal analysis", Journal of Global Biosciences ISSN 2320-1355,Vol-4.
[2]. CPCB,National Air Quality Index, 2014, (
[3]. Doharedevendra and pandeyvijayant (2014), "Monitoring of ambient air Quality in India", International journal of engineering and research technology. ISSN 2277-9655.
[4]. Environmental Engineering and Air pollution - by S K GARG (Khanna Publishers)
[5]. Kumar Ashwin and AnandSubhash( 2009) "Status Of Vehicular In NCT Of Delhi". International Journal of Advanced Research InManagrment and Social Science, ISSN: 2278-6236.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Literature Review on Utilization of By-Products in Concrete
Country :: India
Authors :: Jetender Babulal Jangid
Page No. :: 43-49

This paper presents literature study on use of plastic waste and natural fibers such as plastic aggregate, coir, jute, etc in cement concrete. Due to urbanization, the resources of sand available on the earth are replenishing. The quality of natural sand available which also decreasing the sources of sand and which are located far from the places where it is required and thus becomes difficult to transport. Environmental concerns are also being raised against uncontrolled extraction the main aim is to protect river bed from soil erosions of natural sand. Due to this we have to use by-products and recyclable waste. The paper emphasizes on the use of material to be replaced by natural sand will give new technology that are to be adopted in concrete mix design and if applied to large extend would be revolutionary for the construction industry by which not only economical and modern construction cost can be achieve but also we can save or conserve our natural resources and thus conserving our planet Earth.

Keywords: Concrete, Coir, Jute, Plastic Waste, Test.

1 Ashwini Manjunath, "Partial replacement of E-plastic waste as coarse-aggregate in concrete" ISSN: 1878- 0296, Science Direct, Procedia environmental sciences 35 (2016) page no. 731-739.
2 Zainab Z. Ismail, Enas A. AL-Hashmi, "Use of waste plastic in concrete mixture as aggregate replacement", ISSN: 0956-053, Elsevier, Waste Management 28 (2008) page no. 2041-2047.
3 Bharat Kumar, Sandeep, "Parametric study on concrete by partial replacement of fine aggregate with coir fiber", ISSN: 2395-0056, IRJET, Volume: 03 issue: 08 Aug-2016, page no. 228-231.
4 B.Harini, V. Ramana, "Use of recycle plastic waste as partial replacement of fine aggregates in concrete" ISSN: 2347-6710, IJIRSET, Volume: 04 Issue: 09 September, 2015, page no. 8596-8603.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Performance Analysis and Life Cycle Cost Analysis of Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor (MBBR) – A Review
Country :: India
Authors :: Meena Khorwal || Jyoti Rajput || Saurabh Singh
Page No. :: 50-54

Today, increasing urbanization require new technology to treat waste water efficiently with low operation and maintenance cost. This paper mainly concern about new technology of treatment of waste water which is moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR). It is a biological process for treatment of domestic as well as industrial waste. MBBR is a completely mixed and continuously operated biofilm reactor, where the biomass is grown on small carriers elements. Carriers are used for adhesion of microbial decomposers which forms biofilm. It is used for removal of organic substances, nitrification and denitrification. The MBBR gives the benefits of both fixed film and suspended growth process. In this study parameters such as PH, BOD, COD, TSS and Life cycle costs (LCC) were evaluated to analyse the efficiency of plants. These data would help in decision making for choosing appropriate technology for sewage treatment by comparing with data of other technologies.

Keywords : MBBR, carriers, sewage treatment, biofilm, microbial decomposer, nitrification, adhesion.

[1]. Borkar R.P, Gulhane M.l, Kotangale A.J (2013), "Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor – A New Prospective in Wastewater Treatment", JESTFT volume 6, PP 15-21.
[2]. Ankit B. Pinjarkar, (2017), "The Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor(MBBR)", IARJSET, volume 4.
[3]. Oliviera, Rabelo, (2014); "Evaluation of a MBBR pilot plant for treatment of pulp and paper mill wastewater, volume 2, PP 220-225.
[4]. CPCB 2015, Performance Evaluation of Sewage Treatment Plants, Central Pollution Control Board, Bhopal.
[5]. Karmani M.,, "Application of moving bed biofilm process for biological organic and nutrients removal from municipal wastewater", American Journal of Environmental Science , Volume 4(6) , PP 675-678.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Review Paper on Bamboo as Reinforcement in Structural Concrete Elements
Country :: India
Authors :: Rajveer Singh Rathore || Nitesh Solanki || Akash Johari
Page No. :: 55-57

Present study reviews the research and studies pertaining to use of bamboo as a construction material .our ancestors used bamboo as construction material in many structures .most prominent being as the struts, posts, roofs etc. Now a day's concrete is used as the basic materials for the construction works .it is brittle and shows good resistance in against compressive force but week in tensile strength. So steel is used as reinforcement in the concrete to achieve the tensile strength .Bamboo is a readily available material in many tropical and sub-tropical region of India. This paper reviews the results of some of the resent studies of the microstructure of bamboo as a functional gradient material............

[1] Jigar K. Sevalia, Nirav B. Siddhpura, Chetan S. Agrawal, Deep B. Shah, Jai V. Kapadia, "Study on Bamboo as Reinforcement in Cement Concrete", International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, Vol. 3, Issue 2, March -April 2013, pp.1181- 1190.
[2] Avula Ganesh Reddy, A. Joshua Daniel, "Study on Behaviourof Bamboo as Reinforcement with Coconut Shell as Aggregate Concrete in Compression Member with Different Lengths", International Journal of Innovative Research in Engineering& Management (IJIREM), Volume-3, Special Issue-1,April-2015
[3] Ayesha Syeda, BarvaliyaShrujal Jayesh Kumar, A Case Study on Bamboo as Green Building material, International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT), Volume-4 Issue-2, December 2014
[4] P. Sharma , K. Dhanwantri and S. Mehta, Bamboo as a Building Material, International Journal of Civil Engineering Research. Volume 5, Number 3 (2014), pp. 249-254
[5] Sani Haruna, M. Lakshmipathy, Ductility Behaviourof Bamboo Reinforced Coconut Shell Concrete Beams, International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Research, Volume 3 Issue 5, May2015.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Review Paper on "Smart City Concepts and Challenges"
Country :: India
Authors :: Munish Shah || Rakshit Kothari Akash Johari
Page No. :: 58-62

As the India's population shifts to urban territories, policymakers are pressed for answers to overcrowding, pollution, budget limitation, again infrastructure and the requirement for continuing growth necessary so, Indian government has launched the smart mission in June 2015 with the aim of providing a better quality of life to citizens in 100 cities of the country. This paper describes the main features of mission and attempts to explain the challenges in the way forward .This paper is based on geographical, environmental, economical and social constraints of each city, next to presenting dimensions the let smart city a 3D concept and highlight some smart city models. Its gives an overview of smart city characteristics: Smart economy, Smart Environment, Smart Governance...............

Keywords: Key words: Smart Cities, Smart Economy, Smart Environment, Smart Governance, Smart Mobility, Smart Living, Smart Human Level, 3Dconcept

[1]. Sejal S. Bhagat, Palak S. Shah and ManojL. Patel, "Smart cities in context to Urban Development." International Journal of Civil, Structural, Environmental and Infrastructure Engineering Research and Development, Volume 4, Issue 1, February 2014,41-48.
[2]. Anuj Tiwari and Dr. Kamal Jain, "GIS Steering Smart Future for Smart Indian Cities." InternationalJournal of Scientific and Research Publications,Volume4Issue 8, August2014.
[3]. Narmeen Zakaria Bawany and Jawwad A. Shamsi(2015)"Theconceptofintelligentcity". The first international conference on smart system devices and technologies2015.
[4]. Charbel Aoun, "The Smart city Cornerstone: Urban Efficiency."Schneider Electric White Paper,2013
[5]. Ellie Cosgrave and Theo Tryfonas, "Exploring the Relationship between Smart City Policy and Implementation."The First International Conference on Smart Systems, Devices and Technologies,2012."

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Analysis of Performance and Life Cycle Cost of Sequencing Batch Reactor A- Literature Review
Country :: India
Authors :: Anant Kumar Nagar || Saurabh Singh
Page No. :: 63-68

Currently population is increasing and due to increment of population, wastewater also increasing So now treatment of wastewater is measure task. Nowadays Sequencing batch reactor is the most efficient method of treatment of wastewater. Sequencing batch reactor(SBR), due to its operational flexibility and excellent process control possibilities are extensively used for wastewater treatment which is including highly polluted water due to chemicals. This study investigates the performance analysis (Such as Bio Chemical Demand, Chemical oxygen Demand (COD) parameter, etc.) of SBR treatment plant waste water and the possible reuse for irrigation purpose. This study also provides knowledge about process of SBR and life cycle cost analysis of SBR treatment plant.

Keyword: SBR (sequencing batch reactor), BOD(bio-chemical oxygen demand), COD (Chemical oxygen Demand), anaerobic digester, Aeration, reactor)

[1]. (Wastewater Technology Fact Sheet Sequencing Batch Reactors, EPA 932-F-99-073 September 1999, in U.S.)
[2]. (WATER AND WASTEWATER TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES - Sequencing Batch Reactors: Principles, Design/Operation and Case Studies - S. Vigneswaran, M. Sundaravadivel, D. S. Chaudhary)
[4]. Performance Evaluation of 25MLD Sewage Treatmen(Prachi N. Wakode, Sameer U. Sayyad 2014)
[5]. Life Cycle Cost Assessment of Different Sewage Treatment Technologies- A Case Study (singh,MNIT)

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Towards Sustainable Building Construction Materials for Smart Cities
Country :: India
Authors :: Deshna Jain || Varnika Jain || Hetram Sharma
Page No. :: 69-74

It shows the environmental impact of a building with change of material which changes the consumption of energy and carbon dioxide (CO2) emission. The world today has met with global warming and climate transformation. As Investment in infrastructure and innovation are crucial drivers of economic growth and development. Therefore technological progress is also key to finding lasting solutions to both economic and environmental challenges.Here an emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) is taken into consideration. The Country like India surrounded by river suffers adversely due to the impact of global warming.............

Keyword: Global warming, Carbon-Dioxide (CO2), EnergyConsumption, Cost analysis, Brick chips, Stone chips.

[1]. B.V. Venkatarama Reddy, K.S. Jagadish, Embodied energy of common and alternative building materials and technologies (2001), Elsevier.
[2]. R.L. Marcea, K.K. Lau, Carbon Dioxide Implications of Building Materials, Jounal of Forest Engineering.
[3]. Position Paper "Carbon Footprint Guidance Document by International Aluminum Institute". Available at http://www.worldaluminium. org/cache/fl0000169.pdf(Accessed 28 Jan 2011).
[4]. Why do we recycle aluminum (2010). Available at (Access 28 Jan 2011).
[5]. Roy D'Silva, What Causes Global Warming? (2011). Available at html,(Access 1 Feb 2011).
[6]. Fundamental Global Warming Causes, 2009, Available at (Access 1 Feb 2011).

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Strength and Durability Properties of Kota Stone Slurry and Rice Husk ASH Added Concrete
Country :: India
Authors :: Anuradha Singh || Teekam Singh || Narendra Sipani
Page No. :: 75-83

The Portland cement represents the most expansive component of a concrete mixture. Furthermore, mining large quantities of raw materials to produce cement, such as limestone, clay, and fuel such as coal, often results in extensive deforestation and top-soil loss. The cement industry has made significant progress in reducing CO2 emissions through improvements in process and efficiency, but further improvements are limited because CO2 production is inherent to the basic process oflimestone calcinations. The environmental impact of the concrete industry can be reduced through resource productivity by conserving materials (cement, aggregate) and energy for concrete-making and by improving the durability of concrete products..............

Keyword: Concrete, Durability, Strength, Composite Mixes, Kota stone slurry, Rice Husk Ash, Carbonation, and Water permeability.

[1]. Anwar, M., Miyagawa, T., and Gaweesh, M. 2001. Using rice husk ash as a cement replacement material in concrete. In the Proceedings of the 2001 first international Ecological Building Structure Conference. pp. 671- 684.
[2]. Binod Kumar, G.K. Tike and P.K. Nanda, (2007), "Evaluation of Properties of High- Volume Fly ash Concrete for Pavements", Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, ASCE, October, pp. 906-911.
[3]. Bui, D.D., Hu, J., and Stroeven, P. 2005. Particle size effect on the strength of rice husk ash blended gap-graded Portland cement concrete. Cement and ConcreteComposites. 27(3): 357–366.
[4]. C.L. Pereira, H. Savastano, J. Payá, S.F. Santos, M.V. Borrachero, J. Monzó et al. Use of highly reactive rice husk ash in the production of cement matrix reinforced with green coconut fiberInd Crops Prod, 49 (2013), pp. 88–96.
[5]. Chindaprasirt P, Rukzon S, Sirivivatnanon V. Resistance to chloride penetration of blended Portland cement mortar containing palm oil fuel ash, rice husk ash and fly ash. Constr Build Mater 2008; 22:932–8.