JSPM Narhe Technical Campus

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Performance Analysis on Various Properties of Jute Fiber Composite
Country :: India
Authors :: Patil A.S. || Binnar J.S. || Bhuse C.R. || Gaikwad A.M. || Jathar K.S. || Jadhav N.B.
Page No. :: 01-06
A simple plate made from using jute fiber, epoxy resin (AY-105) and hardener (HY-951).The density and dynamic viscosity of epoxy at 25℃ are 1.109 g/cm3 and 11789 mPa.s respectively.The various test perform on plate of jute fiber and with the help of this find out the strength of jute fiber.Our purpose is to compare jute fiber with regular fiber composite. Surface treatment was performed on jute fibers to produce effective jute reinforced fiber epoxy composites. An improvement has been observed in physical appearance of the jute fiber while analyzing with the bleaching agent. There was no significant enhancement observed in the mechanical properties by adopting this surface treatment. At three different temperature conditions silane treatment was performed on the bleached jute fibers. The mechanical properties showed an enhancement due to silane treatment. Also liquid retaining capacity of the treated fibers increased which indicates better wetting properties of the jute fibers. The gel point also showed better pseudo elastic properties in case of silane treated jute fiber

Keyword :Dynamics viscosity, Hardener, Density, Epoxy resin

[1]. Saheb DN, Jog JP. Natural Fibre Polymer Composites: A Review. Advances in Polymer Technology 1999;
[2]. Kumar R, Kumar K, Sahoo P, Bhowmik S. Study of Mechanical Properties of Wood Dust Reinforced Epoxy Composite.Procedia Materials Science 2014;
[3]. Gowda TM, Naidua ACB, Rajput C. Some mechanical properties of untreated jute fabric-reinforced polyester composites. Composites: Part A 1999;
[4]. Mishra V, Biswas S. Physical and Mechanical Properties of Bi-directional Jute Fibre epoxy Composites. Procedia Engineering 2013; 51: 561 – 566.
[5]. Rashed HMMA, Islam MA, Rizvi FB. Effects of process parameters on tensile strength of jute fibre reinforced thermoplastic composites. Journal of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering 2006;

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Paper Bag Making Machine
Country :: India
Authors :: V.J.Raje || N.A.Nalawade || N.D.Mane || B.Y.Lande || P.K.Mane
Page No. :: 07-12

Now a days, carry bags has become more convenient way to carry daily accessories. The well-known form of such a bag is in the form of plastic bags. Because of using such a bag plastic pollution is increasing day by day. So, to prevent the plastic pollution we are using the paper bags. Plastic bags are used on a large scale now a days by domestic users but plastic bags are less costly than plastic, cloth or other eco-friendly bags. So, for this reason our main aim is to develop a paper bag machine so that the human beings can use this bag in day to day life. The 3 D model of our project will be drawn with the help of CATIA software. All the components which are required for our project will be manufactured. The components will be collected and then the assembly will be done. The experimental testing will be carried out and then the result and conclusion will be drawn.

Keywords: CATIA analysis, FEA Analysis, Roller and Conveyor, Motor, Flipping Mechanism

[1]. Portable paper-bag making machine by s.shashank, rajath, nayan kumar, harish a, s.m. narasimhan
[2]. Design and fabrication of low-cost paper bag manufacturing unit by kashif fazal pawle umez munaf mulla vivek mahesh naik mohd badrul islam shaikh
[3]. Comparative study of paper bags and plastic bags (fashion always changes with standard paper bags) by jay ganesh tripathi
[4]. An exploratory comparative study on eco-impact of paper and plastic bags by Subramanian senthilkannan muthu
[5]. Numerical and experimental study on the drainage and collapse of a floating flexible bag structure d. kristiansen, b. su, z. volent
[6]. Multipurpose smart bag shweta ma, tanvi pb, poonam sc, nilashree m
[7]. A bag-of-paths node criticality measure bertrand lebichot& marco saerens

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Fire Fighting Robot by Using Klann Mechanism
Country :: India
Authors :: Prof.Agrawal Monika S. || Mr.Kardale Vishnu Vitthal || Mr.Khase Akshaykumar Govindrao || Mr.Kale Shantanu Dilip || Mr.Kamble Tanmay Raviraj
Page No. :: 13-16

As the wheels are ineffective on rough and rocky areas, therefore robot with legs provided with Klann mechanism is beneficial for advanced walking vehicles. It can step over curbs, climb stairs or travel areas that are currently not accessible with wheels. The most important benefit of this mechanism is that, it does not require microprocessor control or large amount of actuator mechanisms. In this mechanism links are connected by pivot joints and convert the rotating motion of the crank into the movement of foot similar to that of animal walking. The proportions of each of the links in the mechanism are defined to optimize the linearity of the foot for one-half of the rotation of the crank...........

Keywords: Klann linkage mechanism, Jansen linkage mechanism, Legged mechanism

[1]. Tawfiqur Rakib, M. A. Rashid Sarkar "Design and Fabrication of an Autonomous Fire Fighting Robot with Multisensor Fire Detection Using PID Controller" Department of Mechanical Engineering Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Issue 5, 2016,PP-909.
[2]. Adeel ur Rehman, Dan-Sorin Necsulescu, Jurek Sasiadek "Robotic Based Fire Detection in Smart Manufacturing Facilities" IFAC International Federation of Automatic Control, FAC-1640-1645, Issue 2015.
[3]. AlHaza Ta, Alsadoon Aa, Alhusinan Za, Jarwali Ma , Alsaif Kb "New Concept for Indoor Fire Fighting Robot" Peer review under responsibility of Istanbul university, SABS-2343-2352, Issue 6, 2015.
[4]. Teh Nam Khoon,Patrick Sebastian,Abu Bakar Sayuti Saman "Autonomous Fire Fighting Mobile platform , IRIS- 1145- 1153,Issue 7, 2012.
[5]. Platform" IRIS International Symposium on Robotics Mr. Prashant Chavan,Mr. Suraj Nalawade,Mr. Mayur Kadlag,Mr. Sachin Lahane.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: A Review on Fabrication of Combine Heater and Cooler for Domestic Applications
Country :: India
Authors :: R M Rathod || Ketan Wani || Amrut Rakate || Cajitin Rodrigues || Chirag Rajput
Page No. :: 17-23

This paper presents a modified design of Vapour Compression Cycle. Heating and cooling are very important parameters in day to day life. Various machines and instruments are made to achieve the required atmospheric conditions. While studying the cycle of All weather AC, we found the solution to use the evaporator as condenser as well during winter for heating purpose. All we need to do is use the Bypass valve and reverse the cycle. The three central functions of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning are interrelated, especially with the need to provide thermal comfort and acceptable indoor air quality within reasonable installation, operation, and maintenance costs. HVAC systems can be used in both domestic and commercial environments. HVAC systems can provide ventilation, and maintain pressure relationships between spaces...........

Keywords:Heating, Cooling, VCC, All weather AC, Bypass valve, reverse cycle, HVAC, room air distribution, human comfort, cost.

[1]. ENERGUIDE "Heating and Cooling with a Heat Pump" produced by Natural Resources Canada's Office of Energy Efficiency.
[2]. Iain Staffell, Dan Brett, Nigel Brandon and Adam Hawkes "A review of domestic heat pumps" Energy Environ. Sci., vol.5, pp. 9291-9306, September 2012.
[3]. T. Hari Prasad, K. Poli Reddy, D.Raghu Rami Reddy "Energy Analysis of Vapour Compression Refrigeration System" ISSN 0973- 4562, vol.4, pp 2505-2526, December 2009.
[4]. Redouane Ghoubali, Paul Byrne, Jacques Miriel, Frederic Bazantay "Simulation study of a heat pump for simultaneous heating and cooling coupled to buildings" Energy and Buildings, pp 1-35, December 2013.
[5]. Amrat Kumar Dhamneya, S.P.S. Rajput and Alok Singh "Theoretical performance analysis of window air conditioner combined with evaporative cooling for better indoor thermal comfort and energy saving", Journal of Building Engineering, January 2018.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Analysis of Temperature Decrement of Engine Coolant by Utilizing Vortex Tube in Automotive Radiator
Country :: India
Authors :: Rohit Mahadev Rathod || Abhishek Subhash Gosavi || Aniket Ganesh Patil || Mohit Suresh Deshpande || Piyush Vijay Pahilwan
Page No. :: 24-30

Overheating of the bus engine is a major problem especially in summer which affects the performance of the bus engine and radiator. In some cases, the excessive heating of the engine can also damage the radiator coils of the bus which decrease its life span. The radiator fan alone is not capable to efficiently dissipate the high temperatures. Possibilities for integration of vortex tube with automotive radiator for more effective cooling of automotive engine is the aim of this research. An automotive radiator/heat exchanger is a device which helps maintain the working temperature of the engine. The vortex tube is a device which provides low temperature and high temperature output with pressure as an input. The vortex tube is utilized as a heat exchanger to precool the engine coolant before supplied to the radiator.

Keywords: Radiator, Heat exchanger, Vortex tube, Engine cooling, Overheating.

[1]. Rahul A. Bhogare, B. S. Kothawale, "A Review on applications and challenges of Nano-fluids as coolant in Automobile Radiator, Volume 3, Issue 8, August 2013 pp. 2250-3153
[2]. Naman Jinsiwale1, Prof. Vishal Achwal2, "Heat Transfer Enhancement in Automobile Radiator Using Nanofluids-A Review" Volume 55 No2-January 2018
[3]. Prashant Reddy Kasu "Analysis of Heat Dissipation in Radiator of SI Engine," Volume: 04 Issue: 05 May -2017
[4]. T. Karthikeya Sharma, G. Amba Prasad Rao, K. Madhu Murthy "Numerical Analysis of a Vortex Tube: A Review,"Volume January 2016
[5]. M. Chatterjee, S. Mukhopadhyay, P. K. Vijayan "Species separation in Ranque-Hilsch vortex tube using air as working fluid"Volume May 2018

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Increased the Productivity of Casting by Re-Design of the Shot Blasting Hanger
Country :: India
Authors :: Prof.Shital bhosale || Akshay Shelke || Rohit Chavan || Kishor Savant || Ayaj Shaikh
Page No. :: 31-36

Shot Blasting machine use a various hanger during machining of various process, in this work its essential to increase production rate in RVM industry. For this its required to increase hanger capacity for the various castings used in the industry. To increase hanger capacity for number of casting its required to redesigned the hanger such a way that its capacity is maximum up to 300Kg of short blasting machine. With the study of shot blasting machine and its hanger we should have to design hanger as requirement

Keywords- Shot Blasting Machine, Shot Blasting Hanger Cost Reduction, Productivity Improvement

[1]. Review on Shot Blasting Processes Mitul Malli ME (CAD/CAM) Mechanical Engineering Department, A.D.Patel Institute of Technology NewV.V.Nagar Gujarat India-300120
[2]. Review on Shot Blasting Machine, Deepanshu Prasad, Department of Mechanical Engineering Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekanand Technical University C.G, India
[3]. CYM MATERIALES S.A., "General Introduction to Shot Blasting"
[4]. Hook Design and Analysis G Bhagyaraj1, K Suryaprakash2, K Subba Rao 3
[5]. Analysis of Stress and Deflection of Cantilever Beam and its Validation Using ANSYS Ashis Kumar Samal, T. Eswara Rao

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Design and Manufacturing of Heat Pipe to Improve Heat Transfer to Road Surface
Country :: India
Authors :: Dr. Jagannath Gawande || Rajas Jagdale || Shubham Katkar || Shubham Jadhav || Tushar Jadhav
Page No. :: 37-40

In cold climate, the formation of ice on roads can create serious problems impacting the safety of personnel. In this project we design a setup consisting of heat pipes and temperature sensors. When roads get covered in ice by using heat transfer principle we are making a provision of melting ice. We will arrange the setup of heat pipe under the roads such that when the heat pipe will start working the heat will be transferred to the road surface with the help of copper plate. The ice starts melting from one degree Celsius thus we will attain a temperature of heat pipe between 15-20 degree Celsius. This temperature is normal and humans as well as vehicle tyres will not be affected by this temperature. This temperature will be managed by temperature sensor.

Keywords- Thermosyphon, heat pipe, temperature sensors, Melting ice

[1]. Roman Zorn, Hagen Steger and Thomas Kölbel" De-Icing and Snow Melting System with Innovative Heat Pipe Technology" Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015 Melbourne, Australia, 19-25 April 2015
[2]. Fengchen Chen , 1,2 Xin Su,1,2 Qing Ye,1,2 and Jianfeng Fu1,2" Experimental Investigation of Concrete Runway Snow Melting Utilizing Heat Pipe Technology"Scientific World Journal Volume 2018, Article ID 4343167 page no 6
[3]. Shigenobu Miyamoto* and Masanori Takeuchi "SNOW-MELTING AND DE-ICING SYSTEM ON ROAD USING NATURAL THERMAL ENERGY SOURCES" Fukui University. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering 3-9-1 Bunkyo.
[4]. Mohammad Mehrali, Emad Sadeghinezhad, Reza Azizian, Amir Reza Akhiani, Sara Tahan Latibari, Mehdi Mehrali, Hendrik Simon Cornelis Metselaar, "Effect of nitrogen-doped graphene nanofluid on the thermal performance of the grooved copper heat pipe".Energy Conversion and Management 118 (2016) 459–473

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Failure Mode and Effect Analysis on Welding Aseembly Process
Country :: India
Authors :: G.S.Sawadadkar || H.K.Dhage || R.R.Thorat || D.B.Rankhambe
Page No. :: 41-45

Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) is methodology for analyzing potential reliability problems early in the development cycle where it is easier to take actions to overcome these issues, thereby enhancing reliability through design. FMEA is precisely an analytical methodology used to ensure that potential problems have been considered and addressed throughout the product and process development cycle. A process or a design should be analyzed first before it is implemented and also before operating a machine the failure modes and effect must be analyzed critically. In this work, process failure mode and effect analysis is done on general welding process.

Keywords- FMEA-Failure mode effect analysis, effective weld, risk priority numbers.

[1]. Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA), Available at: http://asq.org/learn-aboutquality/process-analysistools/ overview/fmea.html,Accessed on:16.01.2011.
[2]. McDermott, R.E., Mikulak, R.J., Beauregard, M.R., The basic of FMEA, Publisher Productivity Press, ISBN 978-1-56327-377-3, United State of America,2008.
[3]. A. A. Nannikar, D. N. Raut, M. Chanmanwar, S. B. Kamble and D. B. Patil, "FMEA for Manufacturing and Assembly Process", International Conference on Technology and Business Management, pp. 26-28, March2012.
[4]. A.K. Josiah "Failure Mode Identification and Prioritization Using FMEA- A Case Study of Corn Milling Industry." IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE) , vol. 15, no. 2, 2018, pp.21-28
[5]. Vision based Identification and Classification of Weld Defects in Welding Environments: A Review Mohd Shah Hairol Nizam*, Sulaiman Marizan, Shukor Ahmad Zaki and Ab Rashid Mohd Zamzuri Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia;hnizam@utem.edu.my

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Design and Manufacturing of Pipe Inspection Robot
Country :: India
Authors :: Prof. R. A. Yadav || Dhiraj V. Ahirrao || Lalit S. Ahirrao || Nikhil V. Borgave || Shravan S. Chakke
Page No. :: 46-49

Many kinds of pipes are being utilized to construct important lifelines such as water and gas supply in our contemporary society. Also pipes are widely used in chemical industries and in gulf countries for carrying petrol, diesel, oil etc. But after some years these pipes get damaged and defects are occurring in pipe. If the defects in the pipe are caused by rust and nature calamity, it is difficult to find out the defects and the location of the defects, and also there is great amount of loss of fluids and gases. Thus scheduled inspection must be done. If we decide to do this inspection manually then large amount of time, effort and labour is necessary to grub up the pipes that are buried in the ground. If the robot can inspect inside the pipes, fast and accurate examination will be able to be done at low cost. Size and shape adaptability will be achieved by lead screw mechanism.

Keywords: pipe, petrol, diesel, fluids, gases.

[1]. Jong-Hoon Kim, Gokarna Sharma, And S. Sitharama Iyengar "FAMPER: A Fully Autonomous Mobile Robot for Pipeline Exploration", Department of Computer Science, Louisiana, State University the USA 2010 pp 517-520.
[2]. Atul Gargade1, Dhanraj Tambuskar, Gajanan Thokal, "Modelling And Analysis of Pipe Inspection Robot", International Journal of Research In Engineering And Technology,2013, Pp 120-121.
[3]. Palwinder Kaur1, Ravinder Kaur, Gurpreet Singh, "Pipeline Inspection and Borewell Rescue Robot", International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology,2014, Pp 726-728.
[4]. Nur Afiqah Binti Haji Yahya, Negin Ashrafi, Ali Hussein Humod, "Development and Adaptability of In-Pipe Inspection Robots", Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia, 2014, Pp 1-8.
[5]. Ankit Nayak Ax,S. K. Pradhan,"The Design of A New In-Pipe Inspection Robot", Twelveth Global Congress Manufacturing And Management,2014.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Design and Manufacturing of Fixture Bed for Submerged Arc Welding
Country :: India
Authors :: Kshirsagar O.M || Dnyaneshwar S || Pramod S || Vaibhav R || Santosh S || Abhijit G
Page No. :: 50-53

Welding is fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by using high heat to melt the parts together and allowing them to cool causing fusion. In this current welding method used in "EMERGING BUILDCON" is manual welding which is time consuming and complicated. In current method of welding the beam is not properly supported and due to high temperature the heat distribution is uneven in beam, due to this the beam gets bent and it requires rework .Thus the accuracy of product gets affected. To reduce the cost of rework and to improve productivity they decided to accept the automation in welding processes...........

Keywords: SAW welding, Automation in welding processes, flexibility.

[1]. Sneha kailas ubale, Sachin V. Lomte ― Analysis and Optimization of Fixture for the Welding Of Automotive and Non-Automotive Components‖ Volume3, 2017 page no.587
[2]. Shivaji Popat Mengawade, Vaibhav Bankar, Pratik P. Chaphale (2016), ―Design and Analysis of Work Holding Fixture‖, IJSRD - International Journal of Scientific Research & Development, Vol. 4, Issue 06, 2016.
[3]. Shailesh S.Pachbhai1, LaukikP.Raut2 ―A Review on Design of Fixtures‖in the International Journal of Engineering Research and General Science Volume 2, Issue 2, Feb-Mar 2014.
[4]. Edward G Hoffman―Jigs and Fixture design‖, fifth edition, Unit 17, page no 257-267.
[5]. Naveen A M , V A Girisha, Pruthvi H M ―Design And Analysis Of Welding Fixture For Motor Case Assembly " in the International journal of mechanical and production engineering ISSN:2320-2092, VOLUME-2, Pg no 54-59, 2014.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Experimental Investigation of Heat Pipe
Country :: India
Authors :: Prof O.M.Kshirsagar || Lalit Patil || Pruthviraj Jadhav || Prashant Godbole || Parag Godbole
Page No. :: 54-60

Heat pipe is a heat transfer device that combines the principles of thermal conductivity and phase transition to efficiently manage transfer of heat between two solid interfaces. The main feature of heat pipe is that it can be designed to transport heat between the heart source and the heat sink with very small temperature difference. Based on Orientation of pipe, performance can be analysed. wick structure and the working fluid in the heat pipe play a very important role in thermal performance of heat pipe. Position of condenser and evaporator i.e. the inclination of heat pipe affects is thermal performance. Heat pipe performance with screen mesh wick structure at different angles of inclination and acetone, methanol, water as working fluid is studied.

Keywords: Heat pipe, Effectiveness of heat pipe, Working fluid, Inclination angle.

[1]. S. Tiari, S. Qiu, M. Mahdavi, Discharging process of a finned heat pipe–assisted thermal energy storage system with high temperature phase change material, Energy Convers.. Manage. 118 (2016).
[2]. Ji-Won A.F. Hasobee, Y.K. Salman, Natural convection heat transfer inside inclined open cylinder, Int. J. Mechanical, Eng. Technol. 5 (2014) 92–103.
[3]. R.E. Critoph, The use of thermosyphon heat pipes to improve the performance of a carbon–ammonia adsorption refrigerator, in: Procceedings IV Minsk International Seminar ""Heat Pipes, Heat Pumps, Refrigerators‟‟, 12–15 September 2000, Minsk, Belarus, pp. 35-41.
[4]. Vasiliev, L.L., 2008, "Micro and miniature heat pipes – Electronic component coolers", Applied Thermal Engineering 28.
[5]. H. Shabgard, A. Faghri, Performance characteristics of cylindrical heat pipes with multiple heat sources, Applied Thermal Engineering, 31 (2011) 3410-3419.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Comparative Analysis of Biodiesel Production Techniques
Country :: India
Authors :: S.S.Kale || Kadam A.S || Chimbalkar U.U || Jathar A.R. || Shaikh.MD.Suhail || Tanpure M.G
Page No. :: 61-65

Biodiesel is one of the best available sources to fulfil the energy demand of the world. It is commonly produced from lipid feedstock, animal fats and waste cooking oil by trans-esterification reaction. Considering, the depletion of fossil fuel, biodiesel is gaining more attention as a renewable and environmental friendly fuel. In this study we produce the biodiesel with help of different methods &compare these methods in order to improve the biodiesel production rate by converting waste cooking oil using reactive distillation catalysed by homogeneous catalyst. Conventional method is mainly based on emulsification of immiscible liquid by means of heating the raw fuel along with mechanical stirrer whereas ultrasonic bath method is done reactants by micro turbulence generated by radial motion of cavitation bubbles............

Keywords: Biodiesel, Conventional Method, Ultrasonic Bath Method, Mechanical Stirrer, Hydrodynamic Setup, Orifice Plate.

[1]. Rodrigo P.B. Costa-Felix and Jerusa R.L. Ferreira, "Comparing ultrasound and mechanical steering in a biodiesel production process",Laboratory of Ultrasound / In metro, Av. Nossa Sra das Graças 50 – Xerem, Duque de Caxias, RJ, ZIP 25.250-020, Brazil.
[2]. Syed Ameer Basha , K. Raja Gopal, S. Jebaraj , "A review on biodiesel production, combustion, emissions and performance", HNo: 9-280, Gurrala Chavidy, Chilakaluripet, Guntur (Dt), Andhra Pradesh 522616, India.
[3]. J. Prakash Maran, B. Priya, "Modelling of ultrasound assisted intensification of biodiesel production from neem (Azadirachta indica) oil using response surface methodology and artificial neural network", Department of Food Technology, Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai, Erode 638052, Tamil Nadu, India.
[4]. Pin Pin Oh, Harrison Lik Nang Lau , Junghui Chen , Mei Fong Chong , Yuen May Choo, "A review on conventional technologies and emerging process intensification(PI) methods for biodiesel production", Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, JalanBroga, 43500, Semenyih, Selangor, Malaysia

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Walking Aid for Disabled Dogs
Country :: India
Authors :: Ganesh S. Dhumal || Shriniwas J. Shete || Juned H. Pathan || Pratik K. Taware
Page No. :: 66-70

Pawthetics is a device which is will help dogs suffering from hind limbs deformities. This device will provide mobility, restore dogs comfort and will bring normality to the affected dog. The current canine prosthesis market is catered towards dogs with amputations and is very expensive because of the small number of products available. The simple design and customizability of the device not only makes it cost effective but also helps the pet to adapt quickly and expedites recovery. This device is focused towards complete rehabilitation and recovery of the dogs with hind limb deformities.

Keywords: Pawthetics, Prosthesis, Paralysis, Cart, Amputation

[1]. Thayne R. Short ,VETERINARY PARAPLEGIC CART,1722 Baronne, New Orleans, La. Filed Jan. 27, 1964, Ser. No. 340,306 Patent 3,215,117 Nov. 2, 1965
[2]. Lincoln J. Parkes, 532 Newtown Rd., Berwyn, Pa. 193124,375,203 Mar. 1, 1983
[3]. Arnold P. Costell , 6515 1/2 Vista DelMar , Playa Del Rey, Patent No; US 6,729,268 B1 Date of Patent: May 4, 2004
[4]. G.L. Shepard , NEW YORK, USA ,Patent No. 42,799
[5]. K. B. "10 Animals Who Got a 2nd Chance in Life with 3D Printing." 3D Printing Industry. 06.22.2015. Accessed 1.31.2019
[6]. J. T. "Walking on All Fours: the world of animal prostheses." Mosaic- the science of life. 05.19.2015. Accessed 1.31.2019.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Experimental Investigation on Pipe in Pipe Heat Exchanger Using Twisted Tape Insert
Country :: India
Authors :: Dhumal.G.S || Divekar.V.D || Dhumal.P.R || Dongare.P.P || Ghumbare.S.K
Page No. :: 71-74

The methods for heat transfer augmentation are relevant to several engineering applications. In recent years, the high cost of energy as well as material has resulted in an increased effort and aimed at producing more efficient heat exchange equipment. There is a necessity for minimization of a heat exchanger in specific applications, such as aerospace application, through an augmentation of heat transfer. For this purpose a pipe in pipe heat exchanger is used to improving the methods of heat exchange between two fluids which are at different temperatures In order to improve heat exchanger performance in a better way a twisted tape is inserted into the inner pipe. These types of twisted tape inserted heat exchangers useful in both overhead condensers and compression inter stage coolers etc. The main objective of the project is to create turbulence in the hot fluid tunnel with the help of twisted tape inserts so that an increase in the heat transfer coefficient can be identified.

Keywords: Twisted tape, Turbulence, Heat exchanger

[1]. Mr. Yogesh B. Rakate, Mr. Kunal Bhavsar, Dr. S. S. Umale, "Experimental and Numerical Analysis of Heat Transfer Augmentation Through a Pipe using Twisted Tapes", International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology| Volume 2 | Issue 10 | March 2016 ISSN (online): 2349-6010.
[2]. Qasim Al-Saiman, Ossama Thamer, "Promotion of heat transfer using twisted tape to generate additional turbulent", International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 5, Issue 3, March-2014 - 1491 - ISSN 2229-5518.
[3]. Md. Moniruzzaman Bhuyan, Ujjwal K. Deb, M. Shahriar, Simul Acherjee, "Simulation of Heat Transfer in a Tubular Pipe Using Different Twisted Tape Inserts", Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics, ISSN Online: 2165-3860, ISSN Print: 2165-3852, 2017, 397- 409.
[4]. Avinash Savekar, Dhiraj Jangid, Madhura Gurjar, Vikrant Patil, C. M. Sewatkar, "Analysis of Heat Transfer in Pipe with Twisted Tape Inserts",
[5]. International Conference on Fluid Flow, Heat and Mass Transfer Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, April 30 – May 1, 2015 Paper No. 143

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: A Review Paper on "Design Modification for Efficiency Improvement of Electrostatic Precipator Filter
Country :: India
Authors :: P.B.Borade || Kashidkar Shubham || Sukre Prasad || Kumbare Rushikesh || Gurav suraj
Page No. :: 75-79

In recent years, increasing pollution of ambient fine particles (PM2.5) has drawn worldwide attention. Exposure to fine aerosol particles of bio-logical and non-biological origin in indoor environments has seriously negative effect on human health.Electrostatic precipitators have been used widely in industry and play an important role inenvironmental protection. Electrostatic precipitator (ESP) can be operated with a high collectionefficiency and a low pressure drop. Recently, ESP also has been used forcleaning indoorair.

Keywords: Electroststic precipator filter, Ionization, collection area, dust particles size, Industrial Air Pollution

[1]. Experimental study of a compact electrostatically assisted air coarse filter for efficient particle removal: Synergistic particle charging and filter polarizing EnzeTiana,b , JinhanMo Volume 135, 1 May 2018, Pages 153-161
[2]. Design and Implementation of an Electrostatic Precipitator and Its Cleaning System for Small Scale Combustion Article · December 2017
[3]. ESP Design Parameters and Their Effects on Collection Efficiency, 2017
[4]. Modeling and Simulation of an Electrostatic Precipitator School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics Växjö, Sweden, 2016
[5]. Numerical calculation of particle collection efficiency in an electrostatic precipitator Sadhana Vol. 40, Part 3, May 2015, pp. 863– 873.c Indian Academy of Sciences

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Electricity Generation using Hybrid Solar Wind-Energy Tower
Country :: India
Authors :: G.S.Dhumal || Koustubh Salunkhe || Dhiraj Salunke || Lalit Sonawane || Akash Sohani
Page No. :: 80-87

The objective of the project is to design a wind turbine to recapture wind energy from vehicles on the highway. Wind energy is considered the fastest growing clean energy source however; it is limited by variable natural wind. Highways can provide a considerable amount of wind to drive a turbine due to high vehicle traffic. This kinetic Energy is unused. Research on wind patterns was used to determine the average velocity of the wind created by oncoming vehicles. The wind turbines are designed to be placed on the medians therefore fluid flow from both sides of the highway will be considered in the design. Using all of the collected data, existing streetlights on the medians can be fitted with these wind turbines. The design of the turbines consist of blades, collars, bearings, a shaft, gears and a generator...........

Keywords: wind energy, high vehicle traffic, turbines, blades, collars, bearings etc.

[1]. Christoph Maurer, Christoph Cappel, Tilmann E. Kuhn "Progress in buildingintegrated solar systems" (March 2018)
[2]. DoganEryener, HilmiKuscu "Hybrid transpired solar collector updraft tower" (Jan 2018)
[3]. S.Y. Li, M. Liu, H.X. Li, Y. Hui , Z.Q. Chen S.Y. Li "Effects of structural damping on wind-induced responses of a 243-meter-high solar tower based on a novel elastic test model" (Dec 2017)
[4]. Sunanda Sinha, S.S. Chandel "Prospects of solar photovoltaic–micro-wind based hybrid power systems" (Oct 2017)
[5]. Yong Yang, Su Guo, Deyou Liu, Rong Li, "Yinghao Chu, Operation optimization strategy for wind-concentrated solar power hybrid power generation system" (April 2017)