International Conference on Management Practices, Innovations & Research 2019

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Model Development of WSN based LPG Measure & LPG Leakage System Detection by Using GSM
Country :: India
Authors :: Apeksha Ramteke || Prof.Rohini Pochhi || Prof.Snehal Paliwal
Page No. :: 01-03
The purpose of this paper, LPG is used in many needs such as domestic, industries and commercial area. So the main purpose of this paper to provide safety from gas leakage causes. The system detects the leakage of LPG using gas sensor and send SMS alerts to consumer about the gas leakage. The system give indicator to turns on the alarm and. The system will continuously measure the weight of the cylinder and as soon as it reaches the minimum threshold it will automatically send an SMS alert to the user. And all this information about gas leak, weight of cylinder can be displayed on the LCD. Our system provides safety from the gas leakage, it detects leakage and takes control action over it. It will be helpful for those aged people who live alone and are dependent on others, by making them independent and secure them from any kitchen as well as industries hazardous.

Keyword :LPG gas leakage detector, LPG gas monitoring, wireless sensor network gas sensor GSM module

[1]. V. Ramya and B. Palaniappan, "Embedded system for Hazardous gas detection and Alerting," in Proc. of International Journal of Distribted and parallel system(IJDPS), vol. 3, no. 3, May 2012.
[2]. H. Huang, H. Bainand S. Zhu, "A Greenhouse Remote Monitoring System Based on GSM," in Proc. of IEEE International Conference on information management, pp. 357-360, 2011.
[3]. Fraiwan, L.; Lweesy, K.; Bani-Salma, A. Mani, N, "A wireless home safety gas leakage detection system", Proc. of 1st Middle East, Conference on Biomedical Engineering, pp.11-14, 2011.
[4]. Sheikh RafikManihar, Komal Prasad Dewagan, JayantRajpurohit Multiple Gas journal Analyzer International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER) Vol.2, Issue.4, July-Aug. 2012 pp-2753-2755
[5]. Pal-Stefan Murvay, IoanSilea, "A Survey on gas leak detection and localization techniques," Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 966-973, Nov. 2012.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Automated Detection of Threat Objects Using Adapted Implicit Shape Model
Country :: India
Authors :: Diksha Meshram || Mukul Pande || Sandeep Thakre
Page No. :: 04-06

To secure the danger attacks which caused by terrorist and other crime related accused a X-ray based scanning system is available. The system detected the potential threat shown on screen. The security person need to monitor the screen continuously. As it is manual process the security man required continuous focus on the screen. This system is implemented in each and every sector. The human being is not a machine which gives accurate result. To increase the accuracy the automatic detection of threat using image processing is design. The system detects the threat based on input image. The advancement of system makes easy for recognition and improves accuracy.

Keywords: X-ray image, threat objects

[1]. Vladimir Riffo and Domingo Mery, "Automated Detection of Threat Objects Using Adapted Implicit Shape Model" . IEEE 2016.
[2]. Sebastian Flores1 • Domingo Mery2, "Threat Objects Detection in X-Ray Images Using an Active Vision Approach_springet" 2017.
[3]. Trevor Morris,Tiffany Chien, Eric Goodman, "Convolutional Neural Networks for Automatic Threat Detection in Security X-ray Images" IEEE 2018
[4]. Thomas W. Rogers, Nicolas Jaccard, James Ollier, Lewis D. Griffin, "Threat Image Projection (TIP) into X-ray images of cargo containers for training humans and machines."IEEE 2016

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: A Review on Vertical Handoff Decision Process Algorithms for Heterogeneous Wireless Networks
Country :: India
Authors :: Lalit A. Ramteke || Nagma Sheikh || Rahul Dhuture
Page No. :: 07-10

Expanding consumer demand for access to administrations anyplace and whenever it is driving a hurried mechanical movement towards the combination of an assortment of wireless access advances. Consequently one of the main intrigue purposes of Next Generation Wireless Networks (NGWNs), alludes to the capacity to help wireless networks get to types of gear to ensure a high pace of administrations between unique wireless networks. To answer these issues it is fundamental to have choice calculations to choose for each client of the versatile terminal, which is the most brilliant network eventually, for help or an exact application that the client needs. In this way to make these things, numerous calculations utilize the vertical handoff strategy. A progression of calculations dependent on vertical handoff procedure with an order of the distinctive existing vertical handoff choice methodologies.......

Keywords: Handoff, Horizontal Handover (HHO), Vertical Handover (VHO), WIMAX, Wi-Fi, Quality of Service (QoS), Heterogeneous Networks, Parameters.

[1]. Abubeker A Yussuf, Wan H Hassan, SinzobakwiraIssa, "A review of VHD approaches in next generation wireless networks", IEEE 2012.
[2]. Xiaohuan Yan A, Ahmet Sekercioglu A, Sathya Narayanan B, "A survey of vertical handover decision algorithms in fourth generation heterogeneous wireless networks", Computer Networks, Science Direct, 2010.
[3]. Mario Pink, Thomas Pietsch, Hartmut Koenig,"Towards a seamless mobility solution for the real world: handover decision", IEEE 2012.
[4]. Dionysis Xenakis, Nikos Passas, Lazaros Merakos, Christos Verikoukis, "Mobility management for femtocells in LTE-Advanced: key aspects and survey of handover decision algorithms", IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials,
[5]. IEEE 2013.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Image Based Plant Disease Detection Using Image Processing
Country :: India
Authors :: Nisha Kotrange || Sandip Thakare || Mukul Pande
Page No. :: 11-14

Agriculture has become far more than merely a way to feed ever growing populations. It's important wherever in additional than seventieth population depends on agriculture in Asian nation. meaning it feeds nice range of individuals. The plant diseases impact the humans directly or indirectly by health or additionally economically. The identification of unwellness on the plant may be a important key to stop a significant loss of yield and therefore the amount of agricultural product. The symptoms will be determined on the components of the plants like leaf, stems, lesions and fruits. The leaf shows the symptoms by ever-changing color, showing the spots on that. This identification of the unwellness is completed by manual observation and microorganism detection which may consume longer and will prove pricey. The aim of the project is to spot and classify the unwellness accurately...........

Keywords:Disease prediction , image processing.

[1]. Sharada Prasanna Mohanty, David Hughes, and Marcel Salathé "Using Deep Learning for Image-Based Plant Disease Detection" , Front Plant Sci. 2016; 7: 1419.
[2]. Published online 2016 Sep 22. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2016.01419
[3]. Savita N. Ghaiwat, Parul AroraDetection and classification of plant leaf diseases using image processing techniques: a review Int J Recent Adv Eng Technol, 2 (3) (2014), pp. 2347-2812 ISSN (Online)
[4]. Sanjay B. Dhaygude, Nitin P. KumbharAgricultural plant leaf disease detection using image processing Int J Adv Res Electr Electron Instrum Eng, 2 (1) (2013)
[5]. R. Badnakhe Mrunalini, Prashant R. DeshmukhAn application of K-means clustering and artificial intelligence in pattern recognition for crop diseases Int Conf Adv Inf Technol, 20 (2011) 2011 IPCSIT

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Noval Face Recognition Door Locking Using Ai
Country :: India
Authors :: Payal Sakhare || Nagma Sheikh || Rahul Dhuture
Page No. :: 15-18

Most entryways are constrained by people with the utilization of keys, security cards, secret phrase or example to open the entryway. The aim of this paper is to help clients for improvement of the entryway security of delicate areas by utilizing face location and acknowledgment. Face is a complex multidimensional structure and needs great computation strategies for location and acknowledgment. This paper is contained for the most part of three subsystems: to be specific face identification, face acknowledgment and programmed entryway get to control. The system once it recognizes the person it opens the door. If the person doesn't recognize then the door remains off.

Keywords: SIFT, Face Recognition, Door Lock

[1]. Jalendu Dhamija, Tanupriya Choudhury, IEEE 2017 International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Networks
[2]. Patrik Kamencay, Martin Breznan, Dominik Jelsovka, and Martina Zachariasova, ―Improved Face Recognition Method based on segmentation Algorithm using SIFT-PCA‖, 978-1-4673-1118-2/12/$31.00 ©2012 IEEE
[3]. Gautam Narang, Soumya Singh Arjun Narang, ― Robust Face Recognition Method Based on SIFT Features Using Levenberg-Marquardt Backpropagation Neural Networks‖, 978-1-4799-2764-7/13/$31.00 ©2013 IEEE
[4]. Tong Liu, Sung-Hoon Kim, Hyon-Soo Lee, Hyung-Ho Kim, ― Face Recognition base on a New Design of Classifier with SIFT keypoints‖,978-1-4244-4738-1/09/$25.00 ©2009 IEEE
[5]. Y. Ke and R. Sukthankar, ―PCA-SIFT: A more distinctive representation for local image descriptors‖, IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, pp. 506-513, 2004.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Hemorrage DR Detection using Image Processing
Country :: India
Authors :: Rahul Shandilya || Nagma Sheikh || Rahul Dhuture
Page No. :: 19-22

Hemorrhages are one of the diabetic retinopathy diseases which affect the retinal part. It Occurs in the deeper layers of the retina and are often called 'blot' hemorrhages because of their round shape. Abnormal new blood vessels form at the back of the eye as a part of Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (PDR). Hence the new blood vessels are weak that causes blur vision. A retinal hemorrhage may be caused cardiovascular disease, retinal vein occlusion (a blockage of a retinal vein), or diabetes mellitus (which causes small fragile in blood vessels which are easily damaged).The presence of hemorrhages in the retina is the main symptom of diabetic retinopathy. The number and shape of hemorrhages is used to identify the severity of the disease. The objectives of this study are to detect blood vessel, identify hemorrhages and classify different stages of diabetic retinopathy into traditional, moderate and non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR).

Keywords-Hemorrhage, Diabetic retinopathy,image processing.

[1]. Dolly Sahu, SachinMeshram, "Automatic Detection of Hemorrhages Using Image Processing Technique", International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology, ISSN: 2277-9655, 2016.
[2]. Ruchir Srivastava, LixinDuan, Damon W. K. Wong, Jiang Liu, Tien Yin Wong, "Detecting retinal microaneurysms and hemorrhages with robustness to the presence of blood vessels", Elsevier, computer methods and programs in biomedicine 138, 2017.
[3]. Falguni Thakkar, Rajvi Parikh, "A Survey on Automatic Detection of Diabetic Retinopathy Exudates from Retinal Fundus Images", International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, ISSN (Online) 2278-1021, Vol. 5, Issue 5, 2016.
[4]. Javeria Amin, Muhammad Sharif, and Mussarat Yasmin, "A Review on Recent Developments for Detection of Diabetic Retinopathy", Hindawi Publishing Corporation Scientifica Volume 2016, 6838976, 2016.
[5]. Ishmeet Kaur &Lalit Mann Singh, "A Method of Disease Detection and Segmentation of Retinal Blood Vessels using Fuzzy C-Means and Neutrosophic Approach", Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research (IJIR), ISSN: 2454-1362, Vol-2, Issue-6, 2016.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Digital Traffic Control System
Country :: India
Authors :: Satyendra Prabhu Kushawaha || HarshalBhauraoDohe
Page No. :: 23-26

Traffic Congestion is major problems in the urban area. Traffic congestion at the junction reduces travel speed that's why more people late for work. The vehicles engine emit hazardous gases due to traffic congestion, Hence there is a lot of air pollution in the urban area. Traffic light is basic element in control traffic flow through specify waiting and going time. Fixed traffic light time system is bad control way in urban area because no. of vehicles is not consistency with each traffic light signal. We use the IR proximity sensor, ATMEGA328P Microcontroller and Digital Timer to increase the traffic light time for controlling the traffic. Our project isincreasethe time sequence decrease the traffic on roads which side traffic is more and Detecting the air pollution in traffic area.

Keywords- IR proximity Sensor, ATMEGA328P Microcontroller, Digital Timer, LED light, Digital Display and air pollution sensor.

[1]. Bilal Ghazal, Khaled Eikhatib, Khaled Chahine, Mohamad Kherfan"SmartTraffic Light Control System" .School Of Engineering Labanese International University (LIU) Khyara Lebanon, 2016 IEEE
[2]. K, Vidhya, A. Bazila Banu, "Density Based Traffic Signalsystem". Post Graduate Student Dept Of Information Technology, Velammal College Of Engineering And Technology,Madurai,Volume3,Special Issue 3, March 2014
[3]. Ms PromilaSinhamar, "INTELLIGENT TRAFFIC LIGHT AND DESITY CONTROL USING IR DENSORS AND MICRCONTROLLER". Rawal Institute of Engineering and Technology Zakopur, Faridabad, Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2012
[4]. KKREDDY,"Density based traffic control system using IR sensors". MARCH 5,2018

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: A Review on Smart Ac Using Peltier Module
Country :: India
Authors :: Neha chourasia || Akshay W. Gomkar || Sadhana S. Nemani || Shivshankar R. Tiwari || Jagruti B. Bansod || Arshad S. Khan
Page No. :: 27-31

The presently in use air conditioning system produces cooling impact by refrigerants like Freon, Ammonia etc…using these refrigerants will get maximum output however, one among the main disadvantages is harmful gas emission and global warming, this problem can be overcome by using thermoelectric module air conditioner and their by protecting the environment. If, standard vapour compression type of air conditioner presently employed in vehicle is replaced with this one with an arrangement for its placement. It would reduce the overall weight of vehicle and increase fuel economy. It will have a smart functioning like when we want to control it we just need to give voice command to our android phone like "ok Google turn on my AC ".same likewise for turned it off". It is IOT based and we can control it using remote control too. Thermoelectric cooling system have benefits over standard devices like, compact in size, light weight, high reliability, no mechanical moving element and no operating fluid.

Keywords- Peltier module, thermoelectric air-conditioner, Vehicle, Global-warming, IOT based.

[1]. Allwin Jose, Alan D'souza, Sarvesh Dandekar, Jitesh Karamchandani, Pavan Kulkarni, ―Air Conditioner exploitation Peltier Module‖, 2015 International Conference on Technologies for property Development (ICTSD-2015), Feb. 04 – 06, 2015, Mumbai, Republic of India 978-1-4799-8187-8/15/$31.00 ©2015 IEEE
[2]. Pavan Attavane, Arjun G B, Rajath Radhakrishna, Santhosh Rao, ―Jadav Solar powered portable food warmer and cooler based on Peltier effect‖ 2nd IEEE International Conference On Recent Trends in Electronics Information & Communication Technology (RTEICT), May 19-20, 2017, India 978-1-5090-3704-9/17/$31.00 © 2017 IEEE1975
[3]. Akram M.N, Nirmani H.R, Jayasundere N.D, ―A study on thermal and electrical characteristics of thermoelectric cooler TEC1-127 series,‖ 2016 7th International Conference on Intelligent Systems, Modelling and Simulation, 2166-0670/16 $31.00 © 2016 IEEE DOI 10.1109/ISMS.2016.42
[4]. Yang Wang, Yani Zhang, Peng Ji, Xiangrong He, Guangyu Fan, ‗‗Investigation on Reliability of Thermoelectric Cooler for Space Remote Sensing‖ 2013 International Conference on Quality, Reliability, Risk, Maintenance, and Safety Engineering (QR2MSE).

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Performance Analysis And Implementation Of Spectrum Sensing Of Interleaved Signals In SC-FDMA Using Cognitive Radio
Country :: India
Authors :: Shailendra Bisen || Prof. Rohini Pochi || Prof. Snehal Paliwal
Page No. :: 32-35

In wi-fi verbal exchange the efforts are made to increase the fee of transmission and additionally to make the opportunity to get different sorts of multimedia commodated with none interruption. The strategies currently in use for sensing of spectrum are Energy identification, Matched filter Waveform identification, Cyclo-desk bound identification, Feature identity. This paper augments a way for spotting spectrum of interleaved unmarried-provider frequency division multiple get right of entry to (SC-FDMA) frameworks. A signal detection framework is built based on a metric, which extracts functions of cyclo-stationary for interleaved SC-FDMA alerts. Two hypotheses indicating absence and presence of number one customers are used to inform the supply of spectrum for secondary users............

Keywords: Cognitive radio, Spectrum sensing, Single-carrier frequency-division multiple access (SC-FDMA).

[1]. S. H. Hwang and M. J. Rim, "Adaptive operation scheme for quiet period in IEEE 802.22 system," in International Conference on ICTConvergence (ICTC), Sept. 2011, pp. 482–484.
[2]. D. Cabric, S. M. Mishra, and R. W. Brodersen, "Implementation issues in spectrum sensing for cognitive radios," in Conference Record of the Thirty-Eighth Asilom ar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers,vol. 1, Nov. 2004, pp. 772–776.
[3]. D. Chen, J. Li, and J. Ma, "In-band sensing without quiet period incognitive radio," in IEEE Wireless Communications and NetworkingConference (WCNC), 2008, pp. 723–728.

[4]. W. Hu, D. Willkomm, M. Abusubaih, J. Gross, G. Vlantis, M. Gerla,and A. Wolisz, "COGNITIVE RADIOS FOR DYNAMIC SPECTRUMACCESS - dynamic frequency hopping communities for efficient ieee
[5]. 802.22 operation," IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 45, no. 5, pp.80–87, 2007.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Design of Dual-Antenna Passive Repeater Basedon Machine Learning
Country :: India
Authors :: Shamsuddin Siddiqui || Dr. Pramod Bokde
Page No. :: 36-41

In 5G communications, Small cells are one of the main approaches to achieve data diversion and improve network capacity. The problem of blind area is partially solved by this way, because the distances between small base stations and users are cut short. However, the intensive deployment of small base stations will bring about complex disturbances and large amount of energy consumption. To overcome this challenge, we propose a new approach of dual antenna passive repeater, which consists of a four-element patch antenna array, a feeding network and an improved micro-strip antenna with added parasitic patches. It can be used in co-operation with small base stations to replace the function of the small base station in a certain point, change the beam pointing, and achieve wide-angle scattering to realize the blind area signal coverage. The unsupervised learning which is a branch of machine learning is used to optimize the antenna parameters. Simulation results show that our proposed passive repeater can effectively reduce the path loss and improve the signal power of the receiving end.

[1]. J. G. Andrews et al., "What Will 5G Be?," in IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1065-1082, June2014.
[2]. M. Wollschlaeger, T. Sauter and J. Jasperneite, "The Future of Industrial Communication: Automation Networks in the Era of the Internet of Things and Industry 4.0," in IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 17-27, March2017.
[3]. G. A. Akpakwu, B. J. Silva, G. P. Hancke and A. M. Abu-Mahfouz, "A Survey on 5G Networks for the Internet of Things: Communication Technologies and Challenges," in IEEEAccess,vol.6,pp.3619-3647,2018.
[4]. P. Gandotra, R. K. Jha and S. Jain, "Green Communication in Next Generation Cellular Networks: ASurvey,"inIEEEAccess,vol.5,pp.11727-11758,2017.
[5]. A. Kiani and N. Ansari, "Edge Computing Aware NOMA for 5G Networks," in IEEE Internet of Things Journal,vol.5,no.2,pp.12991306,April2018.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Patient Monitoring System using GSM and ZigBee Technology
Country :: India
Authors :: Shweta. Ramteke || Mukul Pande || Sandeep Thakre
Page No. :: 42-46

Wearable physiological monitoring devices are used to monitor the health status of a patient in Intensive Care Units (ICU). These systems are wired everywhere. A wireless physiological parameter monitoring system is presented in this paper. Literature review carried out in the area of wearable physiological monitoring systems. The proposed system includes sensors for continuous collection and evaluation of physiological parameters. A wireless personal area network has been introduced for reliable transmission of physiological information. The hardware design of this patient monitoring system is based on 8051 microcontroller. Microcontroller acts as the gateway to ZigBee and GSM module. ZigBee wireless communication module has the advantage of lower power consumption which is attractive for portable applications. This system provides safe and accurate monitoring. It also gives the freedom of movement. The proposed system can be used to monitor the physiological condition of a person in out of hospital conditionalso

Keywords: Physiological monitoring, ZigBee, Microcontroller, GSM

[1]. S. Park, S. Jayaraman, "Enhancing the quality of life through wearable technology", IEEE Eng. in Biol Mag May–June 22 (3)),2003:41–8.
[2]. P. Bonato, "Wearable Sensors/Systems and Their Impact on Biomedical Engineering" IEEE Eng. in Med. And Biol. Mag. May-June,2003:18-20.
[3]. I. Korhonen, J. Parkka, and M. Van Gils, "Health monitoring in the home of the future," IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Mag., vol. 22, pp. 66–73, May2003.
[4]. S. C. Mukhopadhyay, A. Gaddam and G. S. Gupta, "Wireless Sensors for Home Monitoring - A Review" Recent Patents on Electrical Engineering ,2008, 1,pp.32-39.
[5]. I.Korhonen,J.Parkka,andM.VanGils,"Healthmonitoringinthehomeofthefuture,"

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Cold Storage Data Acquisition and Control System of Industrial Application
Country :: India
Authors :: Mr.Tushar P. Nagrare || Ms. Nikita R. Shambharkar || Ms. Achal G. Dhakulkar || Ms. Roshani V. Hiwanj || Ms. Priti B. Chirwarkar || Prof. Snehal Paliwal
Page No. :: 47-49

In food industry, cold storage is a must. The main objective of this kind of storage is to preserving the raw foods within for a certain period of time. But, for lack of technology and ignorance about humidity and temperature effect on raw foods; many times, food safety is not maintained well enough. In this paper, the basic objective of this research is to mitigate the man monitoring and to develop an internet based real time monitoring of temperature and humidity using the very available DHT-11 sensor and ESP- 8266 Nodemcu module. This paper also makes compact distinctions between conventional and the IoT based monitoring system of food storages at present, IoT or Internet of Things has become a very popular choice for everyone. This is mainly because of the easy availability of internet, which helps us in many ways. Almost in every administrative or monitoring work internet is a must thing..............

Keywords: Cold Storage, Nodemcu ESP 8266, Temperature, Humidity, DHT-11

[1]. WSN based Online Parameter Monitoring in Cold Storage Warehouses in Cloud using IOT concepts, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 05 Issue: 07 | July-2018
[2]. Cold Storage Traceability System, International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology (IJRASET) 2017
[3]. - to program Nodemcu with temperature sensor
[4]. - The cloud server to send the data and monitor online

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Water Management Resources
Country :: India
Authors :: Uttam Raghunath Lanjewar || Vaishali Narayan Shivankar || Bhairavi Anant Shivankar || Varsha Nartendra Chaudhari || Varsha Bhuvanlal Hanvate || Prof.Sandeep Thakre
Page No. :: 50-52

Smart City based IoT water meter is a device that measures the amount of corporation water used by house or apartments. Water management problem appears in apartments. A shared meter is a common problem for the payment collection in the apartment. In this paper we proposed the solution to this problem in which a device is used to calculate the flow rate and quantity of water consumed by the householders and we can monitor the water consumption from each user and we can set the limit to each user.

Keywords: nodemcu, arduino, water meter, IoT

[1]. IoT Based Automated Water Distribution System with Water Theft Control and Water Purchasing System, International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE) ISSN: 2277-3878, Volume-7 Issue-4S, November 2018
[2]. Water Quality Monitoring System Based on IOT,Advances in Wireless and Mobile Communications. ISSN 0973-6972 Volume 10, Number 5 (2017),
[3]. Smart Water Monitoring System using IoT,International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 05 Issue: 10 | Oct 2018
[4]. Smart Water Flow Monitoring and Forecasting System , 2017 2nd IEEE International Conference On Recent Trends in Electronics Information & Communication Technology (RTEICT), May 19-20, 2017, India
[5]. Smart Meter for Water Utilization using IoT , International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056 Volume: 05 Issue: 04 | Apr-2018

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Design and Implementation for detecting environmental hazardous gases from automobile system
Country :: India
Authors :: Vinay Vinod Sharma || Ravidas Kishor Bhelawe
Page No. :: 53-56

There are number of dangerous gases in environment, this gases damage the nature. It is big problem for every point of view. Hence, the exhaust gas analyzer (PUC machine) has developed for detecting hazardous gases from automobile system but it is more expensive and bigger in size. Our project reduces this issue. We have decided to make a small, compact electronics circuit same as gas analyzer which is implemented in car, motorbike, and other vehicle engines. With the help of our project every person will know the level of exhaust gases and take action immediately.

Keywords: Gas sensor(CO, CO2, NOx), PCB circuit, Microprocessor, ADC, LED, Resistors, etc.

[1]. R. Rahangdale and S. D. Sawant, "Online Real time PUC and engine parameter monitoring using wireless sensor modem," Dept. of electronics and telecommunication, vol. 3, issue 2, Feb 2016.
[2]. Sneha S, Krishna Kanth, " To study of Pollution under machine," Dept. of mechanical, vol. 8, pp. 529-551, April 2011.
[3]. D. K. Arora and Seema Gupta, "Environment of plants," Anmol publication Pvt. Ltd. , New Delhi-110002, 1996.
[4]. R. K. Sinha, "Environmental science Hazardous gas and hazardous waste," commonwealth publisher, In 1994.
[5]. G. K. Patel, "Assistant engineer, MGIRI," dept of mechanical engineering, Wardha-442001.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Automatic 3 Phase Advanced Active Power Factor Correction Using Microcontroller
Country :: India
Authors :: Yuga Dhawale || Mukul Pande || Sandeep Thakre
Page No. :: 57-63

The aim of this project is to design, develop and test of a commercially viable power factor correction system with state of the art technology. In this project we are implementing microcontroller based system which will detect the phase difference between the voltage and current according to that required value of capacitance will be added or removed from the system as required automatically. And the system will continuously monitor the power factor and maintain it near unity as required. The advantage of doing this is to avoid the heavy penalty from the utility provider. Overheating of the cable can be reduced resulting overall enhanced system performance and stability.

Keywords: Power Factor, Power Factor Correction, Microcontroller, Capacitor Banks, 3 Phase Load, Current Transformer, Potential Transformer.

[1]. "Automated Power Factor Correction and Energy Monitoring System" by Yasin Kabir,Yusuf Mohammad Mohsin, and Mohammad Monirujjaman Khan Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, North South University Bashundhara R/A, Dhaka-1229, Bangladesh, Year 2017
[2]. "Improvement of the Power Factor Correction in Machine Tools"By Reimund Neugebauer, Artem Kolesnikov, Markus Richter, Joerg Paetzold Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany, Year 2010. e-mail:
[3]. "Power Factor Correction Controlled by DSP and its Matlab Simulation" By Xin-ge Lv1, Hui-bin Qin1, and Pei-liang Wang, Year 2012 College of Electronic Information, HangZhou DianZi University, HangZhou, 310018 2School of Information Engineering, Huzhou Teachers College, Huzhou, 313000
[4]. "The DSP Based Controller For Power Factor Correction (PFC) In A Rectifier Circuit" by Minghua Fu Texas Instruments 12030 TI Blvd, Dallas, TX 75243 Qing Chen Lucent Technologies 1125 E. Collins Blvd, Richardson, TX 75081, Year 2001.
[5]. "Automatic Three Phase Selector with Power Factor Improvement"