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Volume 5 ~ Issue 11 ~ Version 2 (November 2015)

 


Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Influence of Lime Addition Compressive Strength Against Increasing Paving Blocks

Country

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Indonesia

Authors

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Surta Ria Nurliana Panjaitan

Page No.

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01-09

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3021-0511-0209 iosrjen

Paving blocks composition is made by mixing cement, sand, water or other added ingredients. Widespread use of paving blocks, causing labored added alternative materials that can improve the compressive strength. Lime chosen as an additional alternative ingredients in the mixture of paving blocks. Lime is relatively easy and the price is cheap because it is a potential ingredient in Indonesia were spread in various islands namely in Java, Sumatra and Irian Jaya, so the availability of this material very much. The study aims to determine the effect of adding lime to the compressive strength of the paving blocks. Tests were done by making the specimen or printed manuals with a compressive strength test after test specimen aged 7 , 14 , 21 and 28 days to get the optimum composition in the addition of lime. Tests were carried out with the addition of lime to the levels 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10% of the content of the cement used in the test object with a compressive strength test with a compressive strength testing machine pressed. The results of tests carried out will be known how much lime content that is optimal in order to improve the compressive strength of the paving blocks, so that the resulting quality will be better than normal paving blocks.

 

Keywords: - compressive strength, compressive strength testing machine, lime, paving blocks, silt content

[1] A Bakhtiar, ( 2008), "Study of Quality Improvement Paving block with the addition of Abu Rice Husk", Final Project, Department of Civil Engineering, Polytechnic Lhokseumawe Lhokseumawe.
[2] Astanto, Triono, (2001), " Construction Concrete", Canisius. Yogyakarta.
[3] Nur Setiaji, (2013), "Utilization of Land Blangket As Paving Mixture Material block with Strong Review Press Final Project", Department of Civil Engineering, Polytechnic of Semarang, Semarang.
[4] Sebayang, Syukur et al, (2011) "Comparison of Quality Paving blocks Production Production Manual with masinal. Final Project", Department of Civil Engineering, University of Lampung, Bandar Lampung.
[5] Panjaitan , SRN (2010 ), "Study of the addition of fly ash to the compressive strength of paving blocks".

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Cation Exchanges on Stabilized Soft Clay Using Electrokinetic Process

Country

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Indonesia

Authors

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Nahesson Hotmarama Panjaitan ||, Arwadi Sinuraya

Page No.

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10-15

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0.4/3021-051121015 aned
iosrjen
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3021-0511-0215 iosrjen

This research study is a part of research of soft clay and expansive clay stabilization with electrokinetic process. The movement of electricity in the clay caused to several phenomena including electrochemistry, electrophoresis, and elektroosmosis. In this study, the author discusses the phenomenon of cation exchange on expansive clays that occur during the electrokinetic process. Exchanger ions in this study is a calcium ions (Ca2+) which is used as a stabilizer. Research carried out on 3 types of soft clay and expansive to get the behavior of cation exchange phenomenon is more valid and complete on clay soil. Electrokinetic process is done by using direct current (DC) with capacity 5 until 10 Volt. Observation of the phenomenon of cation exchange is done by measuring the concentration of calcium ion (Ca2+) and compared to other ion concentration contained in clay for a certain period by using the AAS method (Atomic Absorption Spectrum). The results showed that an increase in the concentration of Ca2+ ions in the clay during the electrokinetic process. Increased Ca2+ offset by a reduction in other cations, such as sodium (Na+), and pottasium (K+) in the clay. The results could be used as a basic knowledge in developing electrokinetic processes as an alternative to expansive clay stabilization effort.

 

Keywords: Cation exchange, electrokinetics process, soft clay, expansive clay, stabilization, lime

[1] J.K. Mitchell, Fundamentals of Soil Behavior, 2nd Ed. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 1992).
[2] C.E.Weaver, Clays, Muds, and Shales (Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1989).
[3] H. Van Olphen, Clay Colloid Chemistry, Second Edition, (John Wiley & Sons, United State of America, 1977).
[4] N.C. Brady, & R. R. Weil, The Nature and Properties of Soils, 14th Edition. (New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2008).
[5] Panjaitan. Nahesson Hotmarama, Rifa'i. Ahmad, Adi. Agus Darmawan, Sumardi. P, The Phenomenon of Electromigration During Electrokinetics Process On Expansive Clay Soil, International Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering IJCEE-IJENS, 2011, Vol:12 No:04.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Vibration Analysis for Different Materials of Single Point Cutting Tool during Turning

Country

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India

Authors

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Mr. T.Eswara Rao ||, Mr. G.Bala Murali

Page No.

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16-24

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0.4/3021-051121624 aned
iosrjen
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3021-0511-0224 iosrjen

The present work involves the study of tool deflection and tool failure due to vibrations while turning on the lathe. The problem of tool failure monitoring in machining operations, has been an active area of research for quite a long time. The accurate prediction of tool failure or fracture is important to have a better product quality and dimensional accuracy. In This work Experiments were performed with mild steel as work piece and HSS, STAINLESS STEEL, CEMENTED CARBIDE and CBN (Cubic Boron Nitride) as a tool material and the various machining forces have been measured experimentally. Cutting tool model being designed by taking existing cutting tool dimensions. Finite element analysis is done using ANSYS 14.5 software tool to find frequencies of HSS STAINLESS STEEL, CEMENTED CARBIDE and CBN cutting tools. Modal analysis has been done to determine the minimum vibrations for a particular rake angle for the cutting tool.

 

Keywords: Ansys Software ,vibration analysis ,Cutting tool ,Nose radius, Rake angle

[1]. Analysis And Modeling Of Single Point Cutting (Hss Material) Tool With Help Of Ansys For Optimization Of (Transient) Vibration Parameters.
[2]. By Prabhat Kumar Sinha, Rajneesh Pandey, Vijay Kumar yadav ISSN 0976 – 6340 (Print) ISSN 0976 – 6359 (Online) Volume 5, Issue 6, June (2014), pp. 14-27
[3]. Finite Element Analysis of Von Misses Stresses &Deformation at Tip of Cutting Tool.
By Maheshwari N Patil Shreepad Sarange
[4]. Effect of cutting parameters on surface roughness and cutting forces in turning mild steel by Research journal of recants sciences vol.1 (10), 19-26, October (2012) for standard design parameters for tool design.
[5]. Eiji Nabata, Yuji Terasaka Jig Rigidity Evaluation Technology by Vibration Analysis, VOL.52, 2006.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Nano Engineering for Nano Sustainability

Country

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Lebanon

Authors

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Francis Francis

Page No.

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25-27

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0.4/3021-051122527 aned
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3021-0511-0227 iosrjen

Engineering with higher accuracy and precision is going through an accelerated motion over the last 40 years. There is no unique international definition for Nano engineering. However, this development is driven by customer requirements for much higher function of goods, products and services. On the other hand, the concept of sustainability was not given enough importance and consideration, while engineering was going through a rapid development, until late 90's. In this paper the term Nano sustainability is highlighted because of an effective real threat and danger to us caused by misunderstanding of the relationships between the development of engineering and sustainability at the Nano scale.

 

Keywords: - Nano engineering, Nanotechnology, Nano sustainability.

[1]. GyorgyScrinis (2007). "Nanotechnology and the Environment: The Nano-Atomic reconstruction of Nature". Chain Reaction 97: 23–26.
[2]. VukUskokovic (2007). "Nanotechnologies: What we do not know". Technology in Society 29: 43–61. doi:10.1016/j.techsoc.2006.10.005.
[3]. Crane, R. A.; T. B. Scott (2012-04-15). "Nanoscale zero-valent iron: Future prospects for an emerging water treatment technology". Journal of Hazardous Materials, Nanotechnologies for the Treatment of Water, Air and Soil. Retrieved 2014-07-29.
[4]. U.S. EPA (2012-11-14). "Nanotechnologies for environmental cleanup". Retrieved 2014-07-29.
[5]. UNESCO paper "A growing number of children and adolescents are out of school as aid fails to meet the mark", July 2015.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Research on the Method of Measuring Mineral Percentage under the Microscope

Country

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China

Authors

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Liu Xiao-wen ||, Shi Shang-ming ||, Liu Bo

Page No.

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28-32

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0.4/3021-051122832 aned
iosrjen
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3021-0511-0232 iosrjen

The determination of mineral percentage has great significance for the rock identification and the analysis of geological environment. However, In the process of practical application, the traditional estimation is easy to make an error and difficult to be mastered. This paper introduces a kind of method which grids the watching horizon by the assistant measuring glass. In that way, you can change irregular shape and uneven distribution rock constituents into multiple squares, which is convenient for its percentage content and grain diameter in statistic. Because of convenient operation and high accuracy, this method has high practical significance.

 

Key words: Mineral percentage; Rock identification; Gridding the watching horizon; Under the microscope

[1] Sun Yan. Research on Heavy minerals in Beier depression of Hailar basin [D].Northeast Petroleum University, 20113.
[2] Huang Zhilong, Zhu dan. The lamprophyre mineral content statistics and significance in ZhenYuan gold field of Yunnan provenance.[J]Geological and Geochemical Characteristics, 1997(3):19-24.
[3] Zeng Guangzhi, Zhu Yunhai, Ye Delong. Transparent rock-forming minerals and gem crystal optics [M]. Wuhan: China University of Geosciences Press, 1997:149-152.

[4] Min Maozhong, Bai Jingnan.

[5] Liu Fei, Chen Yuelong, Jiang Liting. The a Geological testing samples and send test guide [M].Beijing: Science Press, 1990:241.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

::

Construction and development of the theoretical basis of physical simulation

Country

::

China

Authors

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Feng jun ||, YU deyi

Page No.

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33-37

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0.4/3021-051123337 aned
iosrjen
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3021-0511-0237 iosrjen

Construction simulation experiment is to study the geological structure and simulate the natural phenomenon of deformation features, a physical experimental methods genetic mechanism and kinetics of theoretical physics simulation infrastructure, the development process and the status quo, the experimental device, get people's attention.

 

Keywords: - experimentics of structural modeling, development, application

[1] Storti F. Salvini Synchronous and Velocity-Partitioned Thrusting and Thrust Polarity Reversal in Experimentally Produced, Doubly vergent Thrust Wedges: Implication foc Natural Oroges[J]. Tectoics, 2000, 19: 378-396.

[2] Bonini M, Sokoufis D, Talhot C J. Boecaletti Ma Lndenter Growth in Analogue Models of Alpine type Deformation[M]. Tectonics 1999, 18, 119-128.

[3] Shan jiazeng, Zhang zhanwen, Xiao qianhua. Structural modeling experiments of Liaohe Depression Paleogene two tectonic evolution [J]. Petroleum Exploration and Development, 2004, 3( 31): 14-17.

[4] McClay K, Bonora M. Analog models of restraining stopovers in strike slip fault systems [J]. AAPG, 2001, 85(2): 233-260.

[5] Giacomo Corti, et al. Magma induced strain localization in centrifuge models of transfer zones [J]. Tectonophysics 2002, 348(2): 205-218.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Study on the sedimentary facies of the member 4+5 and 6 of Yanchang Formation in Zhaike and north of Danba area

Country

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China

Authors

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Cong Yan ||, He Wei ||, Wei Xiaolong

Page No.

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38-42

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0.4/3021-051123842 aned
iosrjen
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3021-0511-0242 iosrjen

Zhaike and north of Danba area is located in Shanbei slope of Ordos Basin in the central south, which is on a tilting monoclinal structure towards west. Its prototype appeared in the late Jurassic and formed in the early cretaceous. The exploratory degree is low here, therefore, the study on depositional system, sedimentary facies, reservoir distribution, traps accumulation, and the hydrocarbon enrichment of the member 4+5 and 6 of Yanchang Formation is not enough and it needs further understands. This paper choose previous studies for the background, based on the outcrop, core and well log data, analyzing the lithologic characteristics, log facies and sedimentary microfacies. The result shows that the member4+5 and 6 are mainly belongs to delta systems, which can be further divided into one subfacies and four microfacies. Finally, according to the distribution and evolution law of the sedimentary micfacies, the depositional model of the study area can be obtained.

 

Key word: Sedimentary facies; Depositional model; Depositional system; Zhaike and north of Danba area,

[1] Liu Huaqing, Yuan Jianying, Li Xiangbo, etal. Lake basin evolution of Ordos Basin during Middle-LateTriassic and its origin analysis [J]. LITHOLOGIC RESERVOIRS, 2007,19(1):52~56.

[2] Wang Xiangzeng, Gao Shengli, Zhang Lixia1, etal. Coupling of reservoirs and structures and exploration targetsin lower Yanchang formation of Triassic, Yanchang Oil Field [J]. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY & EXPERIMENT,2012,34(5):459~465.

[3] Wei Bin,Wei Honghong,Chen Quanhong,etal. Sediment provenance analysis of Yanchang formation in Ordos Basin [J]. ournal of Northwest University(Natural Science Editionn), 2003,33(4):447~450.

[4] Deng Xiuqin, Fu Jinhua, Yao Jingli,etal. Sedimentary facies of the middle-upper triassic Yanchang formationin Ordos basin and breakthrough in petroleum exploration [J]. JOURNAL OF PALAEOGEOGRAPHY, 2011, 13(4):443~455.

[5] Yao Suping, Zhang Ke, Hu Wenxuan. Sedimentary organic facies of the Triassic Yanchang Formationin the Ordos Basin [J]. OIL& GAS GEOLOGY,2009,30(1):74~89.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

::

The Application of Load Curve Segment Technology in Dynamic Reactive Power Optimization of Distribution Network

Country

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China

Authors

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Huang Sheng qi ||, Zhang Ling yu ||, Zhu Wen feng ||, Wu Dan

Page No.

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43-48

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0.4/3021-051124348 aned
iosrjen
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3021-0511-0248 iosrjen

Dynamic reactive power optimization is about the continuous variation of the load,and considers the problem of the optimization of the motion numbers of reactive power compensation equipment action. Set up the objective function and constraint conditions in the process of dynamic optimization, and divide the load curve into segments. The objective function is the minimum of network loss and compensation capacity in the limit of the voltage, and the constraints includes the maximum numbers of compensation equipments and so on. In addition, the paper improves the segmentation technology on the basis of further researching the advantages and disadvantages of the existing load curve segmentation methods. Normalize the reactive load in the whole day and compare the difference of average and original data with threshold value for segmentation again. Apply the improved segmentation method and the multi-agent ant colony algorithm which are put forward in this paper
to dynamic reactive power optimization in distribution network. The experimental results verify the effectiveness of this method.

 

Keywords: power system; dynamic reactive power optimization; load segmentation technology; intelligent algorithm

[1]. Zhu Jianjun. Research and application of reactive power optimization of distribution network based on Improved Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm [D].Hebei, North China Electric Power University, 2007.
[2]. Yang Junjun. Study on dynamic reactive power optimization of power distribution system based on PSO_DP algorithm[D]. Shandong: Shandong University, 2011.
[3]. Li Jiwei. Study on reactive power optimization of the western power grid in Shengli Oilfield [D]. Shandong: Shandong University, 2012.
[4]. Yao Jianhong, Zhang Lingyu, Sun Daxing. Application of improved multi_agent ant colony algorithm in reactive power optimization of power system[J].Chemical industry automation and instrumentation, 2014, 41(5): 520-523
[5]. Liu Mingbo. Optimal power flow calculation of large power system[M].Beijing: Science press, 2010: 384-387.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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The comprehensive evaluation of classified reservoir of Ⅳ oil group of He San period of Wang 9 wellblock

Country

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China

Authors

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Li Jiaona ||, Li Meng ||, Wang Shuang ||, Zhang Shoulun ||, Ma Zhipeng

Page No.

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49-54

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0.4/3021-051124954 aned
iosrjen
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3021-0511-0254 iosrjen

The reservoir of Wang 9 wellblock of WangJi oil field mainly contains conglomeratic sandstone,fine sandstone and siltstone.It develops sedimentary microfacies,which mainly contains underwater distributary channel sands,underwater shore sands,front sheet sands and turbidite sands.The reservoir physical property is better,and the reservoir belongs to medium porosity and medium permeability reservoir and medium porosity and high permeability reservoir.This study is on the basis of comprehensively analyzing the geological data of Wang 9 wellblock, appropriately seeking the sandstone thickness, effective thickness, porosity, permeability and sedimentary microfacies as main parameters and establishing the reservoir comprehensive classification evaluation standard.The reservoir of the study area which from good to bad is evaluated for A, B, C, D four types.The evaluation result indicates: In the each small layer of Ⅳ oil group of He San period of Wang 9 wellblock,widely distributes type B and type C reservoir,type A reservoir appear less in this area,type D reservoir widely distributes in some individual small layers.

 

Key words: Wang 9 wellblock; comprehensive evaluation of classified reservoir; sedimentary microfacies; reservoir physical property

[1] Zhong Junyi,Li Guilin,Ge Hui, et al.Structural Characters and Oil Trap Efficiency in the Northern Slope of BiYang Depression.Geological Prospecting series,2003,18(3):149-154.

[2] Zhong Junyi,Zheng Junmao,Wang Zhenfu, et al. Study on delta system and reservoir- forming characteristics on the north slope of Biyang depression.Special Oil and Gas Reservoirs,2006,13(1):26-29.

[3] Cui Lianxun. Study of sedimentary microfacies in Ⅲ layer of He 3 reservoir of Wangji Oilfield[J].Inner Mongolia Petrochemical Industry,2012,(10):135-137.

[4] Qin Zhongzheng,Qin Fei,Jin Yanlin, et al.Study on sedimentary characteristics and sedimentary microfacies distribution of Wangji oilfield[J].Petroleum Geology and Engineering,2013,27(6):30-33.

[5] Zhao Yuehua.A study of the characteristics of the pore structure and microheterogeneity of the reservoir formation in WangJi oil field.Petroleum Exploration and Development,1992,19(4):97-106.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Time delay estimation of Shock wave Signal Based on Crosscorrelation algorithm

Country

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China

Authors

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Lu Jingyi ||, LinHong ||, Zhu Xiajie ||, Ma Wenping

Page No.

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55-58

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0.4/3021-051125558 aned
iosrjen
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3021-0511-0258 iosrjen

This article put forward the application of generalized cross-correlation algorithm to estimate the shock wave signal time delay estimation in allusion to the situation that outside noise and reverberation have little effect on shock wave signal which is produced by the supersonic object. This paper mainly studied the shock wave signal time delay estimation problem of generalized cross-correlation algorithm and the simulation verified the feasibility and effectiveness of generalized cross-correlation function in estimating time delay value; At the same time the paper simulate the delay estimation performance under different SNR, the experimental results show that for the shock wave signal PHAT weighting function has the characteristics of TDE accurately, anti-interference ability and high efficiency.

 

Keywords: GCC; TDE; Shock Wave signal; PHAT-GCC

[1] Knapp C H, G C Carter. The generalized correlation method for estimation of time delay [J]. IEEE Trans. Aco-ust, Speech, Signal Processing, 1976, 24(8): 320-327.
[2] Y Bar shalom, F Palmieri. Analysis of wide-band crosscorrelation for time-delay estimation [J]. IEEE Transactionon Signal Processing, 1993, 41(1): 385-398.
[3] Chan.Y, Riley.J, Plant.J. A parameter estimation approach to time-delay estimation and signal detection[J]. Acoustics.Speech and Signal Processing.IEEE Transactions on Issue Date. 1980,2(28):8-16P
[4] MAO Huida, ZHANG Linghua. Research on generalized cross correlation algorithm for time delay estimation in sound source localization[J]. Computer Engineering and Applications.2015.7:16-19
[5] LIANG Yu MA Liang NA Xia. Research of Time Delay Estimation Based on GCC Algorithm[J]. Computer Science.2011,38(10):453-456

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Packed Malware Detection using Entropy Related Analysis: A Survey

Country

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Nigeria

Authors

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Osaghae E. O.

Page No.

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59-61

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0.4/3021-051125961 aned
iosrjen
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3021-0511-0261 iosrjen

The challenges of revealing packed malware by security analysts is enormous however, malware researchers have tried to use entropy analysis to detect packed malware. Since the problem of revealing packed malware is the time taken to unpack a malware and the analysis which helps to reveal the packed malware is centered on entropy analysis. However, the need arises to determine if a packed malware is revealed using entropy analysis and if it is not, how is the analysis techniques related to entropy analysis. Consequently, a survey was conducted on packed malware research works, using entropy and entropy related analysis. The survey was categorized into two tiers namely, executable unpacking analysis and unpacking identification. Executable unpacking analysis shows that the packed malware is based on: entropy analysis, use of identifiers and entropy analysis, improved entropy analysis and entropy related analysis. With the survey on unpacking identification, shows that pattern recognition techniques and computed confidence interval, make use of entropy analysis. Original entry point, the use of UPX and emulations techniques, are used as identifiers with entropy analysis to detect packed malware. Entropy reduction techniques are used to improved entropy analysis. Attributes in executable file header and complexity measured by several algorithms are used as entropy related analysis. The survey shows that research works on packed malware detection, either make use of entropy or entropy related analysis.

 

Keywords: Malware Detection, packer, Entropy Analysis

[1] Y. S. Choi, I. K. Kim, J. C. Ryou, Encoded Executable File Detection Technique via Executable File Header Analysis, International Journal of Hybrid Information Technology, 2( 2), 2009, 25-36.

[2] D. Devi, S. Nandi, PE File Features in Detection of Packed Executables, International Journal of Computer Theory and Engineering, 4(3), 2012, 476-478.

[3] G. Jeong, E. Choo, J. Lee, M. Bat-Erden, H. Lee, Generic Unpacking using Entropy Analysis, The IEEE journal, 2010, 114-121.

[4] M. K. Al-Anezi (2014). Generic Packing Detection using Several Complexity Analysis for Accurate Malware Detection, International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Application, 5(1), 2014, 7-14.

[5] L. Robert, H. James, Using Entropy Analysis to Find Encrypted and Packed Malware, IEEE Computer Society, 2009, 40-45.