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Volume 7 ~ Issue 1 ~ Version 1 (January 2017)

 


Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

::

Evaluation of smallholder farming systems in the Western Highlands of Cameroon

Country

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Cameroon

Authors

::

C.M. Tankou || G.R. de Snoo || G. Persoon || H.H. de Iongh

Page No.

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01-11

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Small scale farming systems in the Western Highlands of Cameroon (WHC) are influenced by many factors. Understanding the determinants that influence the system is essential when targeting appropriate intervention strategies for improvement. A field survey was carried out and analysed to understand the forces that drive the farming systems in this area. The impacts of farming practices on farm sustainability were used as indicators to score sustainability. The results revealed that the household characteristics were very similar across the villages while the sustainability differed depending on the intensity of off-farm inputs in the production systems and other socio-economic factors...............

 

Keywords: Determinants, Farming systems, Sustainability, Western Highland of Cameroon.

[1] FAO, Food and Agricultural Organization, Rome.FAOSTAT data base, 2002.Tchabi A., Coyne D.Hountondji F., Lawouin L., Wiemken A. and F. Oehl, Arbuscular
[2] mycorrhizal fungal communities in sub-Saharan Savannas of Benin, West Africa, as affected by agricultural land use intensity and ecological zone, Mycorrhiza, 18, 2008, 181-195.
[3] Rahman S. and G. B. Thapa, Environmental impacts of technological change in Bangladesh agriculture: farmers' perceptions and empirical evidence, Outlook on
[4] Agriculture, 28(4), 1999, 233–238.
[5] Waithaka M. M., Thornton P. K., Herrero M. and K. D. Shepherd, Bio-economicevaluation of farmers' perceptions of viable farms in western Kenya, Agricultural

 

Paper Type

::

Research Paper

Title

::

Evaluation of Yearly Water quality index and Seasonal Variation of Yamuna River at Hathikund Station Using Canadian Council of Ministers of Environment Water Quality Index (CCME) Model

Country

::

Nigeria

Authors

::

S. I. Abba || G. Saini || R. A. Abdulkadir

Page No.

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12-17

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The present work describes the application of Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment Water Quality Index (CCME WQI) for Hathikund station located along with Yamuna River India city. CCME WQI was applied using six water quality parameter (DO, BOD, pH value, FC, Ammonia and WT). Based on the results obtained from the index, the Yearly water quality of Hathikund River ranged between the ranges of 20-83 which indicate that river has the worst quality due to effect of various urban pollutant sources. This work confirms the need to take a serious action for monitoring the river for proper management...............

 

Keywords: CCME, WOI, Faecal coliform, DO, BOD

[1] Wreta Qyrileu Ixetn fo Babolrood River in Mazandaran, Iran. Behmanesh, Ali and Feizabadi2, Yaser. 2013, International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences, pp. /2285-2292. ISSN 2227-670X.
[2] An Innovative Index for Evaluating Water Quality in Stream. SAID, AHMED, STEVENS, DAVID K. and SEHLKE, GERALD. 2004, pp. 406–414.
[3] An innovative index for evaluating water quality in streams . A, Said, DK, Stevens and G, Sehlke. 2004, SPRINGFER :https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15520897, pp. 406-14.
[4] Application of CCME Water Quality Index to Monitor Water Quality: A Case Study of the Mackenzie River Basin, Canada. LUMB, ASHOK, HALLIWELL, DOUG and SHARMA, TRIBENI. 2006, @ Springer 2006, pp. 411–429.
[5] APHA.Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. Washington D.C : 22nd 2012 / prepared and published jointly by American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, Water Environment Federation, 2012