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Volume 8 ~ Issue 7 ~ Version 1 (July 2018)

 


Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Smart Book Recommendation System For Library Books: LibX

Country

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India

Authors

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Yash Trivedi || Kartik Kansaria || Prof. Deepali Vora

Page No.

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01-05

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General recommendation systems are used to suggest appropriate items to the users. The book recommendation systems analyze the content of the book or reviews of readers to suggest apt choice for the user. Book recommendation systems are used to suggest a novice user with the right choice and also simplify the complex decision making process by extracting information from the knowledge base. These systems implement automation which reduce existing workload on the current organization and at the same time create a knowledge base which very useful for information extraction. Libx - An Automated Bibliotheca is basically a book recommendation system which will be used by students and staff to access the library facility such as books and papers and exam notes. It will provide the best of reference books through recommendation and feedback by others. Recommender systems help in automating and making decisions based on the collective knowledge and lay the foundation of solving decision based approaches in the future on various streams from information technology to robotics.

 

Keywords: Recommendation Systems,Library Recommender system, Machine Learning.

[1]. P. N. VijayaKumar , Dr. V. RaghunathaRedd,Vol. 2, Issue 8, August 2014, International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering .

[2]. Raymond J. Mooney,LorieneRoy,August 1999,University of Texas Austin, TX 78712 .

[3]. Ms. SushamaRajpurkar,Ms. DarshanaBhatt,Ms. Pooja Malhotra, IJIRST International Journal for Innovative Research in Science and Technology— Volume 1 — Issue 11 — April 2015.Güneş Erkan and Dragomir R. Radev: " LexRank: Graph-based Lexical Centrality as Salience in Text Summarization"

[4]. Paul M. Rand, 'importance of recommendation",October 4, 2013, thesocialmediamonthly.com.

[5]. Anaconda,version 3, for extraction of keywords(RAKE ).

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Approaches to personalized news extraction framework

Country

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India

Authors

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Shine. K. George || Jagathy Raj V. P

Page No.

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06-11

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Personalization is inevitable in the field of news domain. Due to the increased use of internet and increase in the number of news channels, the production of news is vast. The public find it difficult to get the latest updates on their interest from the large quantity of news produced. People rely on news stories which consist of related events than the exact news update. The Journalist finds it difficult to extract related news events to create news story from the news archives due to the huge volume of news and insufficient automated tools. We have conducted a study about the existing personalized news extraction approaches for this problem and this paper include its details

 

Keywords: Information Extraction, Knowledge Management, Ontology, Personalization, Neural Networks

[1]. QimingDiao and Jing Jiang. Recurrent chinese restaurant process with a duration-based discount for event identification from twitter: In Proceedings of the 2014 SIAM International Conference on Data Mining. SIAM, 2017, 388–397.
[2]. Rui Yan, Liang Kong, Congrui Huang, Xiaojun Wan, Xiaoming Li, and Yan Zhang, Timeline generation through evolutionary trans-temporal summarization.: In Proceedings of the Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing Association for Computational Linguistics, 2011, 433–443
[3]. Lifu Huang and Lian'en Huang, Optimized event storyline generation based on mixture-event aspect model. In EMNLP,2013, 726–735
[4]. Jiwei Li and Claire Cardie, Timeline generation Tracking individuals on twitter: In Proceedings of the 23rd international conference on World wideweb.ACM,2014, 643–652.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Performance of X-Bar Chart Associated With Mean Deviation under Three Delta Control Limits and Six Delta Initiatives

Country

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Nigeria

Authors

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Kalpesh S. Tailor

Page No.

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12-16

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A control chart is a graphical device for representation of the data for knowing the extent of variations from the expected standard. The technique of control chart was suggested by W.A. Shewhart of Bell Telephone Company based on three sigma limits. M. Harry, the engineer of Motorola has introduced the concept of six sigma in 1980. In six sigma initiatives, it is expected to produce 3.4 or less number of defects per million of opportunities. Moderate distribution proposed by Naik V.D and Desai J.M, is a sound alternative of normal distribution, which has mean and mean deviation as pivotal parameters and which has properties similar to normal distribution. Naik V.D and Tailor K.S. have suggested the concept of 3-delta control limits and developed various control charts based on this distribution. In this paper an attempt is made to construct a control chart based on three delta and six delta initiatives for X-bar chart associated with mean deviation. Suitable Table for mean deviation is also constructed and presented for the engineers for making quick decisions.

 

Keywords: Moderate distribution, X-bar, Mean deviation, Six Delta.

[1]. E.L.Grant and R.S.Leavenworh (1988): Statistical Quality Control, McGraw-Hill.
[2]. J. Ravichandran (2016): Six Sigma Based X-bar control chart for Continuous Quality Improvement, International Journal for Quality Research, Vol. 10, Issue.2, 257-266
[3]. K.S.Tailor(2016): Moving Average And Moving Range Charts Under The Assumption Of Moderateness And Its 3δ Control Limits, Sankhya Vignan, December-2016,No.2, 18-31
[4]. K.S.Tailor(2017): Exponentially Weighted Moving Average (EWMA)Charts Under The Assumption Of Moderateness And Its 3-delta Control Limits, Mathematical Journal of Interdisciplinary Sciences(MJIS), March-2017, Vol. 5, No. 2, 121-129
[5]. K.S.Tailor(2017):Sample Standard Deviation(s) Chart Under The Assumption Of Moderateness And Its Performance Analysis, International Journal of Research- Granthaalayah (IJRG), Vol. 5, Issue 6,June - 2017, 368-377

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Generating subtour elimination constraints for the Traveling Salesman Problem

Country

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MOROCCO

Authors

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Soufia Benhida || Ahmed Mir

Page No.

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17-21

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The traveling salesman problem (TSP) has commanded much attention from mathematicians and computer scientists specifically because it is so easy to describe and so difficult to solve. In this work we solved the Traveling Salesman Problem, with three different formulations, the formulation DFJ (Danzig-Fulkerson-Johnson), MTZ formulation (Miller-Tucker-Zemlin) and DL formulation (Desrochers-Laporte) . The goal of this work is to solve the Traveling Salesman Problem with a big size of network, in the first we explain the resolution method and we will present some numerical result

 

Keywords: generation of constraint, Linear integer programming, Traveling Salesman Problem.

[1]. Dantzig, G.B.; Fulkerson, D.R. & Johnson, S.M. (1954). Solution of a large-scale traveling salesman problem. Operations Research, Vol. 2, pp.393–410
[2]. Miller, C.E.; Tucker, A.W. & Zemlin, R.A.(1960). Integer programming formulation of traveling salesman problems. Journal of Association for Computing Machinery, Vol. 7, pp. 326–9.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Analysis of the Use of Solar Energy in the Design of Zero Energy Buildings

Country

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Iran

Authors

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SoheylMalekpourKolbadinezhad || Mona Sadeghian || Fardin Ahmadi

Page No.

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22-30

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The purpose of this paper is to analyze the use of solar energy in the design of zero energy buildings. This study examines the feasibility of applying net zero – energy solar building geometries, is determined the size of solar Collector systems to meet all the annual energy requirements. The effect of household Cover changes, residents behavior and the efficiency of household appliances is analyzed and the final energy demand and the size of the net zero energy building system. After finding the size set of solar thermal (st) system and solar photovoltaic (PV), an analytical work will be done to identify the best configuration of the system from the perspective of financial and environmental issues. The results of the study showed that the proposed scheme has a very high potential for financially net zero energy buildings.

 

Keywords: zero energy, solar energy, photovoltaic, thermal system.

[1]. Bambrook, S.M., Sproul, A.B., Jacob, D. Design optimisation for a low energy home in Sydney. Energy and Buildings 43 (7), 2011, 1702–1711.
[2]. Biaou, A.L., Bernier, M.A. Achieving total domestic hot water production with renewable energy. Building and Environment 43 (4), 2008,651–660.
[3]. Bojic´, M., Nikolic´, N., Nikolic´, D., Skerlic´, J., Miletic´, I. Toward a positive-net-energy residential building in Serbian conditions. Applied Energy 88 (7),2011, 2407–2419.
[4]. Carrilho da Grac_a, G., Augusto, A., Lerer, M. Integration of photovoltaic panels in portuguese high schools: feasibility study. In: Proceedings of Eurosun, 2008, Lisbon, Portugal.
[5]. Carrilho da Grac_a, G., Lerer, Maria M., Paredes, Pedro C. WP 2, system and component characterisation REPORT – Passive House. NaturalWorks, Portugal,2006.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Recommender Systems based on Multi- Attribute Decision Making

Country

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India

Authors

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Apurva Vashist || Bhu Dev Sharma

Page No.

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31-37

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User based collaborative filtering systems suggest interesting items to a user relying on similar-minded people called neighbors. The selection and weighting of these neighbors characteristics the different recommendation approaches. While standard strategies perform a neighbor selection based on user similarities. The paper built an evaluation model of user interest based on resource multi-attributes, proposes a modified Pearson-Compatibility multi-attribute group decision-making algorithm, and introduces an algorithm to solve the recommendation problem of k-neighbor similar users. Here this study addresses the issues on preference differences of similar users.

 

Keywords: Recommender system, Collaborative Filtering, Multi –criteria Decision Making

[1]. Burke, Robin 2000a, "Knowledge Based Recommender Systems‟. A. Kent (ed) inEncyclopedia of Library and Information Systems, vol.69, supplement 32, New York: Marcel Dekker.
[2]. Burke, Robin 2000b,‟ A case Based Reasoning Approach to Collaborative filtering‟. In E.blanzieri and L.Portinale (eds.),Advances in Case Based Reasoning (5th European workshop EWCBR 2000), pages 370-379. New York: Springer Verlag .
[3]. Burke,Robin 2002,‟Hybrid Recommender Systems: Survey and Experiments‟. User Modeling And User-Adapted Interaction‟12(4),pp331-370.
[4]. Burke, R. (2010). Evaluating the dynamic properties of recommendation algo-rithms. In RecSys ‟10: Proceedings of the fourth ACM conference on Recommender systems, pages 225–228, New York, NY, USA. ACM.
[5]. Bellogin,Castells and Cantador 2010,‟Neighbor Selection and Weighting in User-Based Collaborative Filtering:A Performance Prediction Approach

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Simulation Software for Premium Motor Spirit Major Components Optimal Blending

Country

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Nigeria

Authors

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Akinnuli, Basil Olufemi || Olutomilola, Emmanuel Olatunji || Babalola, Simeon Ayodele || Atoyebi, Adeyinka Abiodun || Ayanrinde, Ayanniyi Wole

Page No.

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38-47

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Premium Motor Spirit (PMS) by-products in Nigeria is hazardous. The cause was traced to wrong computation of components for blending. This led to the development of this model and its software to proffer solution.Standard PMS blend specification was identified, percentage by volume required was evolved by developed mathematical models to generate the correct values. The correct specification of Research Octane Number (RON), Reid Vapour Pressure (RVP) and Density (D) after blending were compared with the available set standard to know the accuracy of the blend. Software was developed for implementing these models. Applications of the developed model and its software determined the acceptable values of RVP (9psi), RON (90) and D (0.7500-0.7600) g/cm3..............

 

Keywords: Optimization,Blending, Modelling, Premium Spirit,Simulation, Software development

[1]. Ajayi D.D., Ikporukpo CO. An analysis of Nigeria's Environmental Vision 2010, Journal of Environmental Ploicy and Planning, 2005 7(4): 341-365.
[2]. Atak PUL.Resources–based conflicts; Challenges in Oil extraction in Nigeria. A paper presented at European conference hosted by the German EU Council presidency, 2007 (March 29 & 30) Berlin, Germany.
[3]. Cobb CB. Refining in the 1990's Restructuring and Resurgency, NPRA Annual Meeting San Antonic, Texas, 1994 March 20-22.
[4]. Federal Ministry of Petroleum Resources [FMPR] Nigeria Oil and Gas Industry-Enhancing Capacity Building". OTC Skkor Service Ltd, Lagos Nigeria, 2003 Pp12-16, 71-75.
[5]. Gerritse. LA; Wijngaards, HNJ, Verwoerts, JO, Conner P. "Cycline Deactivation of FCC catalyst"1991AK 30 Catalyst/Sym.Pp4-6

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Effect of Zinc doping on Structural and Magnetic Properties of NiFe2O4 Nanoparticles

Country

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India

Authors

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Bhaskar S. Munde

Page No.

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48-52

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The present work deals with the synthesis, structural and magnetic characterizations of pure and zinc doped nickel ferrite (NiFe2O4 and Ni0.65Zn0.35Fe2O4) nanoparticles. The Ni0.65Zn0.35Fe2O4 nanoparticles were synthesized by sol-gel auto combustion method. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) techniques were used for the characterization of the prepared samples. The structural properties were estimated from X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies. The principle absorption bands correspond to octahedral lattice site was observed from FTIR spectra. The average particle size was calculated by using Debye Scherer's formula and the obtained values are of few nanometer. The M-H curves recorded at room temperature exhibits a typical hysteresis loop indicating that the sample exhibits ferrimagnetic behaviour. The large coercivity (Hc) values indicate nanocrystalline nature of the present samples. The coercivity, saturation magnetization, remanence magnetization and magneton number found to be influenced by zinc doping.

[1]. National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (AdultTreatment Panel III) Third report of the national cholesterol education
[2]. program (NCEP) expert panel on detection, evaluation, and treatment of highblood cholesterol in adults (adult treatment panel III) finalreport. Circulation. 2002;106(25, article 3143).
[3]. Bener A, Zirie M, Janahi IM, Al-Hamaq AOAA, Musallam M, Wareham NJ.Prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes mellitus and its risk factorsin a population-based study of Qatar. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. 2009;84(1):99–106.
[4]. Bener A, Zirie M, Musallam M, Khader YS, Al-Hamaq AOAA. Prevalence ofmetabolic syndrome according to adult treatment panel III and internationaldiabetes federation criteria: a population-based study. Metabolic Syndrome
[5]. and Related Disorders. 2009;7(3):221–230

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Functional peanut butter stuffed snack development based on Brazilian pine (Araucaria angustifolia) and rice flours

Country

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Brazil

Authors

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Angela Gava Barreto || André Fioravante Guerra || Regina Isabel Nogueira || Carlos Wanderlei Piler de Carvalho || RossanaCatie Bueno de Godoy || Suely Pereira Freitas

Page No.

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53-58

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This study aimed to develop peanut butter stuffed snacks (PBSS)based on Brazilian pine and rice flours by extrusion cooking and evaluating its nutritional composition, shelf life and prebiotic potential. Base blend (Brazilian pine and whole rice flour, refined sugar, soy protein extract, sodium chloride and sodium bicarbonate) were adjust to 14 % moisture and processed in a co-rotating twin-screw extruder. Afterwards, the snacks were handling stuffed with peanut smooth. PBSS was assessed both by nutrition composition (moisture, protein, ash, lipids, fiber, carbohydrate, and sodium) and water activity. Food safety was assessed by count of coliforms group, Bacillus cereus, coagulase positive Staphylococcus, sulfite-reducing Clostridium and Salmonella sp. In vitro assessment of PBSS prebiotic potential was either by PBSS medium..............

 

Keywords: Gluten-free food, vegan food, extrusion cooking, prebiotic, nutritional composition.

[1]. Balbinot, R., et al., Trends of consumption and commercialization price of the Brazilian-pine nut–seed of Araucaria angustifolia (Bert.) O. Ktze., in the state of Parana. Ambiência, 4(3),2009, 463-472.
[2]. Capella, A.C.V., Farinha de pinhăo (Araucaria angustifolia): composiçăo e estabilidade do gel, 2008.
[3]. Peralta, R.M., et al., Biological activities and chemical constituents of Araucaria angustifolia: An effort to recover a species threatened by extinction.Trends in Food Science & Technology, 54,2016, 85-93.
[4]. Muthayya, S., et al., An overview of global rice production, supply, trade, and consumption. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1324(1), 2014, 7-14.
[5]. Portal, R.D. and M.R.S.P. JOELE, Food access and consumption in a rural settlement in Castanhal, PA, Brazil.Food Science and Technology (Campinas), 36,2016, 19-22.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Performance Measurementof Xyz Government Institution's Contracts Workers Using Personal Balanced Scorecard Method

Country

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Indonesia

Authors

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Muhammad Dwi Bagus Aurijanto || Bustanul Arifin Noer || Rita Ambarwati

Page No.

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59-67

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Implementation of good governance of bureaucracy system of Surabaya City Government, one of them with developed performance-based salary program ( e-performance ) dedicated specially to Civil Servant. But in reality agencies in Surabaya do not have the full use of civil servants as their human resources, thus involving contractors as supporters of government performance processes. The purpose of this study is to determine key performance indicators(KPI) and strategic objectives in XYZ Institution, determine the importance of each KPI criterion, to understand the performance of each contractor at XYZ Government Agency and provide improvement recommendations from the current employee performance. The unit of analysis of this research is carried out at the General Section in the Sub Division of Administration with the administrative position as the administrative contractor.............

 

Keywords: KPI, strategic target, PBSC, ANP.

[1]. Moeheriono. 2012. Key Performance Indicators (IKU). Raja Grafindo Persada Publishing Company; Depok.

[2]. Stoner, J and Swanto. 1997. Intermedia Management . Jakarta.

[3]. Mangkunegara, AA. AP. 2001. Human Resource Management Company . Youth Rosdakarya Publishing Company. Bandung.

[4]. Robins, SP 2006. Organizational Behavior. English Edition. Index of Gramedia Group Publishing Company. Jakarta.

[5]. Rivai, and Ahmad. 2005. Human Resource Management for Companies from theory to Practice . Raja Grahafindo Persada Publishing Company. Jakarta.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Smart Security System For 2-Wheeler

Country

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India

Authors

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M. Sudhakar || B. Sukanya || B. Susheel

Page No.

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68-73

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We come across several cases of 2-wheelers getting stolen from parking area or sometimes we forgot to remove the key. In such cases it is really difficult, time taking and needs help from law enforcement authority to trace and recover the vehicle. This project is aimed at designing a suitable security system to solve this problem. Main concept behind this project is to provide security to 2-wheelers using a 4 digit password entered through a keypad. The ignition system is enabled only through the password. This system disables the ignition system and turns on the buzzer when wrong password is entered for 3 times successively to attract attention of people nearby and locks also the keypad. User can change the password anytime. This project is implemented using ATMEGA2560 Controller.............

 

Index Terms—2-Wheeler Security, ATMEGA2560 Microcontroller, Google Maps API, Ignition disable, GPS and GSM Technology

[1]. Sudhakar, M, Kalyani K(2016), ―Vehicle Tracking System With Android App Support‖, CMR Journal of Engineering & Technology, Volume 1, Issue 1. Jan 2016.
[2]. Sudhakar, M, Rudra Chakravarthi (2017), Drunk & Drive Deterrence System Using PIC18F542 Micro Controller, International Journal of Innovative Technology and Research, Volume 5, Issue No. 3.
[3]. ―Vehicle Tracking System With Android App Support‖, CMR Journal of Engineering & Technology, Volume 1, Issue 1. Jan 2016
[4]. Chen, H., Chiang, Y. Chang, F., H. Wang, H. (2010). Toward Real-Time Precise Point Positioning: Differential GPS Based on IGS Ultra Rapid Product, SICE Annual Conference, The Grand Hotel, Taipei, Taiwan August 18-21.
[5]. Asaad M. J. Al-Hindawi, Ibraheem Talib, ―Experimentally Evaluation of GPS/GSM Based System Design‖, Journal of Electronic Systems Volume 2 Number 2 June 2012

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Vermicomposting

Country

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India

Authors

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Ganti Naga Sai Sarat || Mula Manideep

Page No.

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74-80

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Vermicomposting is a biological technique of converting organic wastes in to a rich soil amendment. In this paper a thorough literature is done regarding the impacting factors for a vermicomposting pit followed by design considerations for a vermicomposting pit and the number of earthworms required for the obtained amount waste. This is further continued with selecting of optimum range for parameters such as Temperature, Potential Hydrogen, Moisture content, TAN.

 

Keywords: Vermicomposting, Rich soil amendment, TAN, Moisture content, Temperature, Potential Hydrogen.

[1]. Costi, P., et al. (2004). "An environmentally sustainable decision model for urban solid waste management." Waste management 24(3): 277-295.
[2]. Demuynck, S., et al. (2014). "Effects of field metal-contaminated soils submitted to phytostabilisation and fly ash-aided phytostabilisation on the avoidance behaviour of the earthworm Eisenia fetida." Ecotoxicology and Environmental safety 107: 170-177.
[3]. Edwards, C. A., et al. (2010). Vermiculture technology: earthworms, organic wastes, and environmental management, CRC press.
[4]. Feller, C., et al. (2003). "Charles Darwin, earthworms and the natural sciences: various lessons from past to future." Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 99(1-3): 29-49.
[5]. Garg, V., et al. (2005). "Growth and reproduction of Eisenia foetida in various animal wastes during vermicomposting." Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 3(2): 51-59.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Identification and Risks Control Accidents the Implementation of Construction High Rise Buildings

Country

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Indonesia

Authors

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Intan Febriana Nur Hamida || Arief Rachmansyah || Yatnanta Padma Devia

Page No.

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81-85

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The construction industry has unique properties and has different characteristics on each project. These properties and characteristics that make the construction insudtry become one of the industries that have a high level of accident risk. Based on data reports International Labor Organization (ILO) every day there are about 6,000 fatal workplace accidents in the world, so they need for identification and risk prevention. Prevention use to minimize the risk of accidents that can occur. Classification of risks that can be done based on the type of work. Data collection was done by distributing questionnaires through google form on 10 projects at PT.X. The collected data is used as primary data in this research. Based on the result of the test, 14 indicators of occupational accidents risk are found in medium level, while 47 other indicators are in low level. Risk control is performed with engineer risk control, administrative risk control, and risk control in self-protection equipment (PPE). Risk control is an effort to minimize the risk of occupational accidents, so as to reduce the level of accidents that can occur during project implementation.

 

Keywords: Construction industry, risk management, risk control

[1]. Hola,B., Nowobilski,T., Szer,I., Szer,J. Identification of Factor Affecting The Accident Rate in the Construction industry. Procedia Engineering. 2017: 35-42.
[2]. International Labor Office. Guidelines on Occupational Safety and Health Management Systems (ILO-OSH). 2001
[3]. Palloan, D. Analisis Risiko Kecelakaan Kejra Pada Proyek Konstruksi Gedung Bertingkat Pada Proyek Konstruksi Gedung Bertingkat di Kota Makassar (Studi Kaus: Vida View Apartemen). 2016.
[4]. Rawis,T.D., Tjakra,J., Arsjad,T.Tj. Perencanaan Biaya Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja (K3) Pada Proyek Konstruksi bangunan (Studi Kasus: Sekolah ST. Ursula Kota Moba Gu). Jurnal Sipil Statik. 2016;4(4):241-252.
[5]. Sucita, I.K., Broto, A.B. Identifikasi dan Penanganan Risiko K3 Pada Proyek Konstruksi Gedung (Studi Kasus Proyek Gedung Centro City Recidences). Poli Teknologi. 2011;10(1):83-92.

 

Paper Type

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Research Paper

Title

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Some Aspects of Automatic Generation Control

Country

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India

Authors

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Deepesh Sharma || Naresh Kumar Yadav

Page No.

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86-99

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Any frequent small load fluctuations in the interconnected area or deregulated power system network results into the deviation of the area frequencies and also of the tie-line powers. For achieving minimum deviation of frequency and tie-line power it is necessary to approach the best method for controlling the governor action. The main motto of AGC is to keep the power system in the normal operating conditions. In this paper, the controller gain is optimized by the PSO technology and it is shown through graphs that the PSO optimization technique application provides better dynamic performance than the conventional controllers. To analyze the system model MATLAB Simulink is used. The results from the simulation shows that the controllers that are based on PSO gives the better result than the integral controller with respect to the change in frequency following the step load change

[1]. C. Concordia and L.K. kirchmayer, "Tie line power and frequency control of electric power systems,‟ Amer. Inst. Elect. Engg. Trans., Part.II, Vol. 72, pp. 562-572, Jun. 1953.
[2]. N. Cohn, "Some aspects of tie-line bias control on interconnected power systems,‟ Amer. Inst. Elect. Engg. Trans., Vol.75, pp. 1415-1436, Feb.1957.
[3]. O. L. Elgerd and C. Fosha, "Optimum megawatt frequency control of multi-area electric energy systems‟, IEEE Trans. Power App. Syst., Vol. PAS- 89, no. 4, pp. 556-563, Apr.1970.
[4]. C. Fosha, O.I. Elgerd ,"The megawatt frequency control problem: A new approach via optimal control theory,‟ IEEE Trans. Power App. Syst., vol. PAS-89, No. 4, pp. 563-577, Apr. 1970.
[5]. IEEE Committee Report, IEEE Trans. Power App. Syst., Vol. PAS-89, Jul./Aug. 1970. "Standard definitions of terms for automatic generation control on electric power systems.‟