1st National Conference on Technology

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Weaving of Cotton Yarn Fabrics by Water Jet Loom
Country :: India
Authors :: Arshad Rashid
Page No. :: 01-04

Waterjet looms are characterized in particular by high insertion performance and low energy consumption. These machines are used for the manufacture of light and medium weight fabrics with standard characteristics and water-repellent fiber materials, primarily multi-filament synthetic yarns. But many textile hubs like Bhiwandi,Malegaon are manufacturing cotton fabric that cannot beweaved by using waterjet looms. Due to this drawbacks waterjet looms can't be used for making cotton fabrics. This paper gives some detail regarding how to use it for cotton fabrics.

Keyword : Flying flowers, hydrophilic fiber, steel shovel, weaving cotton yarn, weft control mechanism

[1]. Water jet looms slider and connector -A review. Jasmin J. Hirpara1, Jignesh M.Parmar. 2014, International Journal of Advance Engineer ing and Research Development (IJAERD).
[2]. Strauss, Berru. AN INVESTIGATION OF WATER JET THREAD PROPULSION. Georgia : s.n., 1976. [3]mingsource. www.weavingmc.com. [Online] weavingmachine, march 2016. https://www.weavingmc.com/info/weaving-of-cotton-yarn-fabricsby- water-jet-27474957.html.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Design and Analysis of Zero Turning Radius Robotic Vehicle
Country :: India
Authors :: Aakif Anjum || A. A. Shaikh || Ozair Shaikh || Noorul ameen || Sharique Ather
Page No. :: 05-10

In this research work, design and analysis of zero turning radius robotic vehicle is presented. In this study various kinematic links are arranged to form the mechanism of vehicle. Electric motor is used for the required direction of vehicle in such a way that radius of rotation is equal to partial length of car. Vehicle rotates exactly at the same place without taking traditional circular turn. Designs of zero turning cars are useful in narrow roads where turning of cars are difficult. Static Analysis of chassis is done using FEA simulation. It is concluded that design of chassis is safe for 10 kg load.

Keywords: Kinematics Links, Prototype Design, Steering, Turning Radius, Worm and Worm Wheel

[1]. B. L. Salvi, J. K. Maherchandani, Dr. B. P. Nandwana Developing system for reducing the turning radius of a car IJEIT volume1, issue 3,march 2012
[2]. Dr.R.Rajappan,M.Vivekanandhan Static and model analysis of chassis by usig finite element analysis IJES,volume 2,issue 2,2013

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Enhancement of Mechanical Behaviour of Aluminium Metal Matrix Composite Reinforced with TiO2
Country :: India
Authors :: Mohammad Faisal Ansari || Dr. Muhammad Ramzan || Malik Shahzad Mahvi || Zulfiqar Ansari
Page No. :: 11-16

Recent applications in engineering require materials which are stronger, lighter and cheaper. A good example is the interest in the development of materials those have good strength to weight ratio suitable for automobile applications where fuel economies with improved engine performance are becoming more critical. For many applications it is necessary to improve their mechanical behavior and wear resistance. Aluminium based metal matrix composites are being used for a variety of applications such as military, aerospace, electrical industries and automotive purposes owing to their improved properties such as high strength to weight ratio, good ductility, high strength and high modulus, excellent wear and corrosion resistance. AMC attracts much attention due to their lightness, high thermal conductivity, and moderate casting temperature, corrosion resistance...........

Keywords:Metal Matrix Composite, Aluminium & TiO2, XRD, TGA, Wear, Hardness, Impact, Compressive& Tensile tests.

[1]. Saif Wakeel, Mustafa Saleem & Ammar Nemat "A REVIEW ON THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF ALUMINIUM BASED METAL MATRIX COMPOSITE VIA POWDER METALLURGY". Proceedings of SARC International Conference, 5th March 2017, New Delhi, India, ISBN: 978-93-86291-639
[2]. Rohit Sharma, Saurabh Jha P, Khushboo Kakkar, Kushal Kamboj, Pardeep Sharma "A Review of the Aluminium Metal Matrix Composite and its Properties", International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056 Volume: 04 Issue: 02 | Feb -2017 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
[3]. Naveen Ankegowda, S A Mohan Krishna and Nithyananda B S
[4]. "Characterization Of Mechanical And Tribological Behaviour Of Aluminium-Silicon Carbide-Titanium Dioxide Hybrid Metal Matrix Composites(MMC)", Proc. of Int. Conf. on Current Trends in Eng., Science and Technology, ICCTEST

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: A Review on Tribological properties of Metal Matrix Nano Composite
Country :: India
Authors :: Noorul Ameen || A. A. Shaikh || Sharique Ather || Aakif Anjum
Page No. :: 17-22

Metal Matrix Nano Composite (MMNC) shows great ability to replace conventional Metal alloys and Metal Matrix Composite due to their extraordinary properties. In this research paper effect of nano fillers on tribological properties of metal matrix are reviewed. Past research clearly indicates that addition of nano particles into metal matrix or alloy improves tribological properties in terms of reduction in wear rate and decrease in Co- efficient of friction. Addition of graphene, nano graphite and carbon and tube formation of solid lubricant layer which cause improved wear resistance while other nano fillers (Al2O3,SiC,TiC, WC) cause improvement in micro hardness and Orowan strengthening mechanism to reduce wear and friction of composite materials. Nano particle reinforced metal matrix composites hence proved to be ideal for various tribological applications.

Keywords:Carbon Nano Tubes (CNT), Metal Matrix Nan composite (MMNC), Multi Layer Graphene (MLG), tribological properties, wear loss

[1] Gaurav Misra, Effect of Nano-additives on Epoxy composites, Thesis National Institute of Technology Rourkela, 2014
[2] Cecilia Borgonovo, Aluminum Nano-composites for Elevated Temperature Applications, Thesis Worcester Polytechnic Institute, June 2010
[3] Ru Min Wang, Shui Rong Zheng, Ya Ping Zheng, Polymer matrix composites and Technology, Wood Head publishing in Materials, 1-27
[4] Qingshuai Zhu , et al., Influence of Subsurface Micro/Nano-Structural Evolution on Macroscopic Tribological Behavior of Ni3Al Matrix Composites , Tribol Lett,7:21, 2015
[5] Shuo Yin, Zhao Zhang, Emmanuel J. Ekoi, Jing Jing Wang, Denis P. Dowling, Valeria Nicolosi, Rocco Lupoi, Novel cold spray for fabricating graphene-reinforced metal matrix composites, Materials Letters, 2017

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Experimental Investigation on Hydraulic Jump in Sudden Expansion Duct
Country :: India
Authors :: Shahid Ali || Mudassir Ansari || Amjad Khan || Mohd.Junaid || Ansari Tausif
Page No. :: 23-28

This paper presents an experimental investigation of the occurrence of hydraulic jumps due to two phase air-water flow in a rectangular duct in a horizontal position as well as inclined position .Hydraulic jump is a phenomenon frequently observed in an open channel flow. In this present experimental investigation, various parameters like strength of the hydraulic jump, location of hydraulic jump, length of hydraulic jump is found out and the effect of flow rate of water and the effect of air flow on Position of the Jump hydraulic jump is studied. Hydraulic jump results in the reduction of total energy of a moving fluid, which in turn prevents the fluid from scouring the channel banks. Also hydraulic jump enables a portion of the fluid's kinetic energy to reduce which stabilizes downstream flow conditions.

Keywords:hydraulic jump; open channel, location of jump, inclined position

[1]. Roberts, P. A., Hibberd, S. 1996 Internal hydraulic jumps at T-junctions. J. Fluid Mechanics. , Vol. 314, 331-347.
[2]. Hayakawa, N. 1970 Internal hydraulic jump in co-current stratified flow. J. Engineering Mechanics. Div. ASCE, Vol. 96, 797-800.
[3]. Chu, V. H. & Baddour, R.E. 1977 Surges, waves and mixing in two-layer density stratified flow, Proc. 17th Congr. Intl. Assocn. Hydraul. Res., Vol.1, 303-310.
[4]. Su, C. H., 1976 Hydraulic jumps in an incompressible stratified fluid, J. Fluid Mech., Vol. 73, part 1, 33-47.
[5]. Taitel, Y. & Dukler, A. E., 1976 A Model for predicting flow regime transitions in horizontal and near horizontal gas-liquid flow, AIChE Journal, Vol. 22, No. 1, 47-55.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Modal analysis of upturned eye Mono Leaf Spring
Country :: India
Authors :: K. K. Sharma || S. R. Mandale
Page No. :: 29-33

In this research work, study is carried out on mono steel leaf springs used by commercial vehicles. The chief thought behind this work is to examine the vibrational behavior of leaf spring having Upturned eye. The material used for the leaf spring is steel with almost similar properties. The mode shapes are found theoretically for determining the natural frequency of the spring for first five mode shapes. To validate the theoretical modal analysis, modal analysis is conducted with aid of simulation by FEA and also through experimentation on vibration shaker. Modeling is finished using Pro-E 4.0 and analysis performed on Pro-E Mechanica platform. The result of all analyzed operations almost coincides and compared............

Keywords- Modal analysis, Resonance, finite element analysis, upturned eye and mode shapes.

[1]. Static and dynamic analysis on composite leaf spring in heavy vehicle. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Studies, 2(1). 2012,80–84.
[2]. Static and Modal Analysis of Leaf Spring with Eyes Using FEA Packages. International Journal of Engineering Research and Develop- mentVolume, 7. 2013,71–77.
[3]. Design and analysis of composite leaf spring for light vehicles; 2013. international journal of innovative research in science,engineering and technology,2(5.
[4]. Analysis and optimization of a composite leaf spring. Composite, 60(3). 2003,317–325.
[5]. A performance evaluation of leaf spring replacing with composite leaf spring. International Journal of Mechanical and Industrial
Engi- neering, 2(4). 2012,65–68.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: A review paper on welding joint-TIG
Country :: India
Authors :: S. R. Mandale || K. K. Sharma
Page No. :: 34-37

There are various metal joining process are used based on requirement like welding brazing ,soldering, mechanical fasteners, and by using adhesives. In industrial application basically electric arc welding is used which may be TIG, MIG or SMAW. TIG welding is welding process of joining different materials with high quality weld by electric arc generation between non consumable electrode and work piece under a shielding inert gas. This process has several advantages like low heat effected zone, joining of unlike metals, as compared to other welding process TIG Welding performance is mostly evaluated based on Tensile Strength of the weld, Welding Geometry ,and Aspect ratio. Here we discuss the effect of the different welding parameters such as welding speed, power source, type...........

Keywords: TIG, parameters of welding, DCEN, DCSP, shielding gas

[1]. S Bhargav C. Patel, Jaivesh Gandhi, "Optimizing and analysis of parameter for pipe welding: A literature review", International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT), Vol. 2 Issue 10, October – 2013, pp. 229-234.
[2]. L Suresh Kumar, Dr. S. M. Verma, Dr. V. V. Satyanarayana, "Impact of Voltage on Austenitic Stainless Steel for The Process of TIG And MIG Welding" International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology, Vol. 1, Issue 1, July-August 2010, pp. 60-75 .
[3]. JavedKazi, et al, "A review on various Welding Techniques: International Journal of Modern Engineering Research, Vol. 5, Issue 2, 2015, pp. 22-28.
[4]. Palani.P.K et al, "Modeling and Optimization of Process Parameters for Tig Welding of Aluminium 65032 Using Response Surface Methodology" .2248- 9622, Volume-3, Issue 2, 2013.
[5]. R.Satish et al, "Weldability and process parameter optimization of dissimilar pipe joints using GTAW".2525-2530, Volume-2, 2012.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Optimization of Turning Parameter for Improved Surface Property of Material
Country :: India
Authors :: Amjad Abbas || Kalyanker N || Mudassir Ansari || Mohd. Junaid || Shahid Ali
Page No. :: 38-40

Turning is one of the most important metal removing operations performed on lathe. In turning process, the work piece is rotated at some speed by rotating the machine chuck and the stationary tool is fed in order to remove the material. The parameters such as speed, feed and depth of cut are required to perform any turning operation and responsible for metal removing process. It is also found that during the turning process the machining parameters like speed of rotation of work piece, tool feed and depth of cut have their own effect on the work piece surface. In this work experimental analysis is performed by varying the machining parameters and simultaneously recording the surface roughness and MRR of work piece for the same set of parameters and the optimum set of parameters is proposed which has the maximum surface finish property.

Keywords : Turning, Lathe, Stationary Tool, Machining Parameters, Surface Finish, etc

[1]. Md. Tayab Ali et. al. "Cutting Parameters Optimization for Turning by Using Taguchi Method for Turning AA6063-T6 Alloy" , International Journal of Research in Mechanical Engineering & Technology, Volume 4, Issue 2, May - October 2014.
[2]. Shivam Goyal et. al. "Experimental study of Turning Operation and Optimization of MRR and Surface Roughness using taguchi method", International Journal of Innovative Research in Advanced Engineering (IJIRAE)Issue 03, Volume 3 , March 2016.
[3]. Anshul Sen et. al. "Experimental Investigation of Machining Parameters in Turning Operation Using Taguchi Analysis", International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, Volume 4 Issue 6 2016.
[4]. Kiran Varghese et.al. "Optimisation of Cutting Parameters Using Taguchi Method in Composite Materials", International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 4, Issue 10, October-2013.
[5]. H. R. Ghan et. al. "Optimization of cutting parameter for Surface Roughness, Material Removal rate and Machining Time of Aluminium LM-26 Alloy", International Journal of Engineering Science and Innovative Technology (IJESIT) Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2014.

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Enhancement of Mechanical properties of Pure Aluminium Reinforced with SiC Nano particle
Country :: India
Authors :: Mahvi Malik Shahzad || Muhammad Ramzan || Mohammad Faisal Ansari || Ansari Zulfiqar Abid
Page No. :: 41-46

Aluminium are widely used in aerospace,automobile industries due to their low density and good mechanical properties, good corrosion resistance and wear, low coefficient of thermal expansion as compared to conventional metals. The good mechanical properties of these materials and relatively low manufacturing cost make them a very attractive for different applications both from scientific and technology points of view. The aim of designing metal matrix composite materials is to combine the desired properties of metals and Ceramics. Present work is concentrated on the study the behaviour of Aluminium reinforced with silicon carbide (SiC) composite manufactured by the stir casting technique. Different percentage of reinforcement is used. Tensile test, Hardness Test, Impact test performed on the samples obtained by the stir casting process.

Keywords- Aluminium ,Composite,SiC Nano Particle

[1]. M.Dinesh, Dr.R.Ravindran(2016)" Aluminium AA 7075 properties enhanced by Zirconium and Chromium nano particle" International Journal of ChemTech Research Vol.9, No.01 pp 296-301 ISSN: 0974-4290
[2]. Rishav Kumar, RamachandraNaik AL, Sameer Ahamed, Nitish Kumar Chaubey, Prof.Girish K.(2016)," Microstructure And Wear Properties Of Irconium Nano Metal Matrix Composites" ISSN: 2277-9655
[3]. M. Ramachandra, G. Dilip Maruthi, R. Rashmi(2016)," Evaluation of Corrosion Property of Aluminium-Zirconium Dioxide (AlZrO2) Nanocomposites" International Journal of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering Vol:3, No:10, 2016
[4]. L.E. Agureev, V.I. Kostikov, Zh.V. Eremeeva, A.A. Barmin, S.V. Savushkina, B.S. Ivanov(2016)," Aluminum Composites With Small Nanoparticles Additions: Corrosion Resistance" Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering, January 2016 – ISSN 2412- 5954

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Design Consideration & Issue with Centrifugal Fan
Country :: India
Authors :: Zulfiqar Ansari || Mohammad Faisal Ansari || Muhammad Ramzan || Malik Shahzad Mahvi
Page No. :: 47-50

Centrifugal fan is a device that utilizes the mechanical energy of a rotating impeller to produce both movement of the air and an increase in its total pressure. The great majority of fans used in mining are driven by electric motors, although internal combustion engines may be employed, particularly as a standby on surface fans. Compressed air or water turbines may be used to drive small fans in abnormally gassy or hot conditions, or where an electrical power supply is unavailable.............

Keywords:Centrifugal fan, Types of centrifugal fan, Arrangement, Overhung, Vibration

[1]. API standard 673,Centrifugal fans for petroleum, Chemical & Gas Industry Services, Second Edition, January 2002.
[2]. Fans by Malcolm J. McPherson.
[4]. BERNHARD BIEGERT University of Stuttgart, IKE-LHR, Stuttgart, Germany
[5]. JORMA RAILIO, Association of Finnish Manufacturers of Air-Handling Equipment, Helsinki, Finland

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: A Review on Nobel Fuel from Plastic Waste
Country :: India
Authors :: Mohd Sharique Ather || Ansari Mansoor || Md. Furqan || Faisal Khan || Nafees Ahmed
Page No. :: 51-54

Now a days plastic is becomes a very common material of our life because of their property like durability, light weight varsity. Over 100 million of tones of plastic is produced annually worldwide. But plastic are non biodegrable in nature hence its disposal is becomes a major problem and we can't deposited it in directly in environment and now a day we need the alternative fuel. This review exhibit the process of converting plastic into valuable fuel is known as pyrolysis. Two biggest problem of now a day is waste plastic and shortage of fuel is solving simultaneously. In the reactor plastic is melt along with nitrogen and absent of oxygen. The plastic along with crystal melt at temp of 350-600 C at atmospheric pressure .The vapour is out from reactor can be condense to obtain fuel.

Keyword: Fuel, pyrolysis, waste plastic, alternative fuel, oil, PE, PP.

[1]. Antony Raja and Advaith Murali, 2011 Conversion of Plastic Wastes into Fuels Journal of Materials Science and Engineering B 1
(2011) 86-89
[2]. Birley, A. W., Heath, R. J., and Scott, M. J. (1988) Plastics Materials. Blackie, 2nd ed. Introductory scientific textbook.
[3]. Central Pollution Control Board. Study on solid waste management CPCB Delhi. (2003).
[4]. Environment Protection Agency, U.S.A. Study on solid waste management (2011).
[5]. Ministry Of Environment and Forest. Newsletter on solid waste management, New Delhi, (2007)Pawar Harshal R. and Lawankar
Shailendra M.(2013) Waste plastic Pyrolysis oil

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Performance Characterization of Circular Perforation of Different Diameters on Rectangular Pin Fin
Country :: India
Authors :: Tarique Khan || Rizwan Shaikh || Altaf Inamdar || Mohammad Nasiruddin || Aamir Akhtar
Page No. :: 55-61

The reduction in rate of heat transfer and dimension of fin has major criteria for designing of components of heat exchanger. This research paper is an experimental analysis to investigate forced convective heat transfer in solid rectangular fin and rectangular fin with circular perforation of different diameters along the lateral axis of the fin. Performance is analyzed experimentally by designing experimental setup for specific fin length and it is validated as well by thermal analysis of fins and the results are counted as due to increase in surface area or convective area heat transfer rate increases, pressure drop reduces Nusselt Number increases. The large impact is that higher reduction in weight of fin is achieved by producing perforation which is the major requirement in heat transfer equipment..

Keywords: Effectiveness, Enhancement, Fin length, Nusselt number, Perforation, Rectangular fin.

[1]. Y. A. Cengel , A.J. Ghajar, Heat and Mass Transfer, (Fourth Edition, Mc Graw Hill)
[2]. Ehteshum, Mehedi, et al. Thermal and Hydraulic Performance Analysis of Rectangular Fin Arrays with Perforation Size and Number, Procedia Engineering 105,2015, 184-191.
[3]. Ismail, MdFarhad, et al. ,Numerical investigation of turbulent heat convection from solid and longitudinally perforated rectangular fins, Procedia Engineering 56 ,2013, 497-502.
[4]. M.R.Shaeri, M. Yaghoubi. Numerical analysis of turbulent convection heat transfer from an array of perforated fins." International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow,2009,218-228.
[5]. Al-Damook, Amer, et al.,Computational design and optimisation of pin fin heat sinks with rectangular perforations, Applied Thermal Engineering 2016..

Paper Type :: Research Paper
Title :: Review of Fracture Toughness (G, K, J, CTOD, CTOA)
Country :: India
Authors :: Rizwan Shaikh || Tariq Khan || Altaf Inamdar || Momin Jaweed || Barkati Malik
Page No. :: 62-66

The present paper gives a technical review of fracture toughness testing, evaluation and standardization for metallic materials in terms of the linear elastic fracture mechanics as well as the elastic–plastic fracture mechanics. This includes the early investigations and recent advances of fracture toughness test methods and practices developed by American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). The review describes the most important fracture mechanics parameters: the elastic energy release rate G, the stress intensity factor K, the Jintegral, the crack-tip opening displacement (CTOD) and the crack-tip opening angle (CTOA) from the ba- sic concept, definition, to experimental estimation, test methods and ASTM standardizing practices. Attention is paid to guidelines on how to choose an appropriate fracture parameter to characterize fracture toughness for the material of interest, and how to measure...........

Keywords- CTOA, CTOD, J-Integer, KIC

[1]. Rizwan Karim Shaikh, Tarique Khan & Shah Aqueel Ahmed. (2017). Fracture Analysis of thin Aluminum Sheet by J integer and C T O D Technique Using FEA Validated by Experimental. Procedia Engineering. 173. 1191-1197. 10.1016/j.proeng.2016.12.113.
[2]. Irwin GR. Analysis of stresses and strains near the end of a crack traversing a plate. J Appl Mech 1957; 24:361–64.
[3]. Rice JR. A path independent integral and the approximate analysis of strain concentration by notches and cracks. J Appl Mech 1968; 35:379–86.
[4]. Wells AA. Application of fracture mechanics at and beyond general yielding. Br Weld J 1963;10:563–70.